Ay: Difference between revisions

5 bytes removed ,  9 months ago
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→‎Royal succession: correcting jrj-p't link to wiki page, and correcting spelling of zA-nswt from zA-nzwt
(→‎Origins: replaced broken ref with relevant one for Yuya/Ay relation.)
m (→‎Royal succession: correcting jrj-p't link to wiki page, and correcting spelling of zA-nswt from zA-nzwt)
[[File:Royal couple-MAHG 12440-IMG 9577-detail.JPG|thumb|Portrait of King Ay, on display at [[Musée d'Art et d'Histoire (Geneva)|Musée d'Art et d'Histoire of Geneva]]. Detail of a statue of the royal couple of king Ay and Queen Tey, the fragment depciting Tey being a reproduction of a piece now located at the Hermitage in Saint-Petersburg (inv 18477).]]
 
Prior to his death, Ay designated Nakhtmin to succeed him as pharaoh. However, Ay's succession plan went awry, as Horemheb became the last king of Egypt's 18th Dynasty instead of Nakhtmin. The fact that Nakhtmin was Ay's intended heir is strongly implied by an inscription carved on a dyad funerary statue of Nakhtmin and his spouse which was presumably made during Ay's reign. Nakhtmin is clearly given the titles "Crown Prince" ([[wikt:jrjIry-pꜥtpat| jrj-pꜥt]]) and "King's Son" ([[wikt:zꜣ-nswt|zꜣ-nzwnswt]]).<ref>Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie: Texte der Hefte 20-21 (Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1984), pp. 1908–1910</ref> The only conclusion which can be drawn here is that Nakhtmin was either a son or an adopted son of Ay's, and that Ay was grooming Nakhtmin for the royal succession instead of Horemheb. Egyptologists Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton observe that the aforementioned statue:
{{quote|... is broken after the signs for "King's Son of", and there has been considerable debate as to whether it continued to say "Kush", making Nakhtmin a Viceroy of Nubia, or "of his body", making him an actual royal son. Since there is no other evidence for Nakhtmin as a Viceroy—with another man [Paser I][http://euler.slu.edu/Dept/Faculty/bart/egyptianhtml/kings%20and%20Queens/Viceroy_of_Kush_(or_Nubia).html] attested in office at this period as well—the latter suggestion seems the most likely. As Nakhtmin donated items to the burial of Tutankhamun without such a title, it follows that he only became a King's Son subsequently, presumably under Ay. This theory is supported by the evidence of intentional damage to Nakhtmin's statue, since Ay was amongst the Amarna pharaohs whose memories were execrated under later rulers.<ref>Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, (2004), p. 151</ref>}}