Jack Hawkins: Difference between revisions

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citation cleanup and other fixes
m (citation cleanup and other fixes)
 
==Career==
He was born at 45 Lyndhurst Road, [[Wood Green]], in what is now [[Haringey]], London, the son of a builder. He was educated at Wood Green's [[Woodside High School, Wood Green|Trinity County Grammar School]], where, aged eight, he joined the school choir.<ref name="Brit">{{Cite web |url=http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins |title=Profile of Jack Hakwins at britmovie.co.uk |access-date=7 March 2015 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150325194647/http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins |archive-date=25 March 2015 |dead-url-status=yesdead |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
By the age of ten Hawkins had joined the local operatic society, and made his stage debut in [[Patience (opera)|Patience]] by [[Gilbert and Sullivan]]. His parents enrolled him in the [[Italia Conti Academy]] and whilst he was studying there he made his London stage debut, when aged eleven, playing the Elf King in ''[[Where the Rainbow Ends]]'' at the [[Holborn Empire]] on Boxing Day, December 1923, a production that also included the young [[Noël Coward]].<ref name="Brit"/> The following year aged 14 he played the page in a production of ''[[Saint Joan (play)|Saint Joan]]'' by [[George Bernard Shaw]].<ref name="jack"/> Five years later he was in a production of ''[[Beau Geste]]'' alongside [[Laurence Olivier]].<ref name="guardian"/>
Hawkins became a star with the release of three successful films in which he played stern but sympathetic authority figures: ''[[Angels One Five]]'' (1951), as an [[RAF]] officer during the war; ''[[The Planter's Wife (1952 film)|The Planter's Wife]]'' (1952), as a rubber planter combating communists in the [[Malayan Emergency]] (with [[Claudette Colbert]]); and ''[[Mandy (1952 film)|Mandy]]'' (1952), the headmaster of a school for the deaf. All films ranked among the top ten most popular films at the British box office in 1952 and British exhibitors voted him the fourth most popular British star at the local box office.<ref name="comedian">{{cite news |url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18504988 |title=COMEDIAN TOPS FILM POLL. |newspaper=[[The Sunday Herald (Sydney)|The Sunday Herald]] |location=Sydney |date=28 December 1952 |accessdate=9 July 2012 |page=4 |via=National Library of Australia}}</ref>
 
Hawkins consolidated his new status with ''[[The Cruel Sea (1953 film)|The Cruel Sea]]'', playing a driven naval officer in the war. Sir [[Michael Balcon]] said, "Even before the script was written, we knew it had to be Jack Hawkins. If he hadn't been free to play the part, then there wouldn't have been a film."<ref name="boy"/> ''The Cruel Sea'' was the most successful film of the year and saw Hawkins voted the most popular star in Britain regardless of nationality.<ref name=britmovie>{{cite web|url=http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins|title=Jack Hawkins|work=britmovie.co.uk|access-date=7 March 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150325194647/http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins|archive-date=25 March 2015|dead-url-status=yesdead|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
According to one obituary he "exemplified for many cinemagoers the stiff upper lip tradition prevalent in post war British films. His craggy looks and authoritative bearing were used to good effect whatever branch of the services he represented."<ref name="guardian">{{cite news|title=Jack Hawkins|newspaper=The Guardian |date=19 July 1973|page= 7}}</ref>