Intussusception (medical disorder): Difference between revisions

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'''Intussusception''' is a medical condition in which a part of the [[intestine]] [[invaginate|folds into]] the section immediately ahead of it. It typically involves the [[small bowel]] and less commonly the [[large bowel]]. Symptoms include abdominal pain which may come and go, vomiting, abdominal bloating, and bloody stool. It often results in a [[small bowel obstruction]]. Other complications may include [[peritonitis]] or [[bowel perforation]].<ref name="Mar2017">{{cite journal|last1=Marsicovetere|first1=P|last2=Ivatury|first2=SJ|last3=White|first3=B|last4=Holubar|first4=SD|date=February 2017|title=Intestinal Intussusception: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment.|journal=Clinics in colon and rectal surgery|volume=30|issue=1|pages=30–39|doi=10.1055/s-0036-1593429|pmc=5179276|pmid=28144210}}</ref> It typically involves the [[small bowel]] and less commonly the [[large bowel]]. Symptoms include abdominal pain which may come and go, vomiting, abdominal bloating, and bloody stool. It often results in a [[small bowel obstruction]]. Other complications may include [[peritonitis]] or [[bowel perforation]].
 
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The cause in children is typically unknown; in adults a ''lead point'' is sometimes present. Risk factors in children include certain infections, diseases like [[cystic fibrosis]], and [[intestinal polyp]]s. Risk factors in adults include [[endometriosis]], [[bowel adhesions]], and [[intestinal tumors]]. Diagnosis is often supported by [[medical imaging]]. In children, [[ultrasound]] is preferred while in adults a [[CT scan]] is preferred.<ref name="Mar2017" />
 
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