Chief information officer: Difference between revisions

removed generic sweeping statements based on 10+ year old limited sample size survey
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(removed generic sweeping statements based on 10+ year old limited sample size survey)
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Typically, the CIO reports directly to the [[chief executive officer|Chief Executive Officer]] but may also report to the [[chief operating officer]] or [[chief financial officer]]. In military organizations, they report to the [[commanding officer]]. The role of Chief Information Officer was first defined<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.williamgruber.com/strategic-information|title=williamgruber|website=williamgruber}}</ref> in 1981 by William R. Synnott, former Senior Vice President of the Bank of Boston, and William H. Gruber, a former professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT) Sloan School of Management.<ref>Synnott W.R. and Gruber W.H. (1981) Information Resource Management: Opportunities and Strategies for the 1980s. New York: Wiley-Interscience.</ref> The CIO would sometimes serve as a member of the [[board of directors]].
 
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==Demographics==
Currently, individuals who hold CIO positions are predominantly male. After questioning close to 4,500 business-people across 86 countries, the [[Harvey Nash]]/[[KPMG]] CIO survey found that globally, the percentage of female IT leaders (including CIOs, chief technology officers, and miscellaneous technology officers) remains at approximately 9% (10%In large organizations). This finding "is in line with the 10 percent global average rate of women in IT overall".<ref>https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/273391/Lists/2017%20Lists/Female%20CIOs/Female%20CIOs%20of%202017%20.pdf</ref> The average age for CIOs is 49.5 years of age upon appointment.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.vell.com/cio-succession-basic-demographics|title=Vell Executive Search - CIO Succession - Basic Demographics|website=www.vell.com|access-date=2019-06-27}}</ref>
 
==The need for CIOs==
With the introduction of legislation such as the [[General Data Protection Regulation]] (GDPR), CIOs have now become increasingly focused on how their role is regulated and can lead to financial and reputation damage to a business. However, regulations such as GDPR have also been advantageous to CIOs enabling them to have the budget and authority in the organisation to make significant changes to the way information is managed. Sabah Khan-Carter of Rupert Murdoch's News Corp described GDPR as "a really big opportunity for most organisations".<ref name="CIO Podcast: GDPR is a business opportunity">{{cite web|last1=Horizon CIO Network|title=CIO Podcast: GDPR is a business opportunity|url=https://horizoncio.network/cio-podcast-gdpr-is-a-business-opportunity|website=horizoncio.network|accessdate=19 October 2017}}</ref>
 
==InformationEducational background and technology skills==
Many candidates have a [[Master of Business Administration]] degree or a [[Master of Science in Management]] degree.<ref>{{cite web|author=Meridith Levinson |url=http://www.cio.com/article/122507/Should_You_Get_an_MBA_ |title=Should You Get an MBA? - CIO.com - Business Technology Leadership |publisher=CIO.com |date=2007-07-05 |accessdate=2012-03-28}}</ref> More recently, CIOs' leadership capabilities, business acumen, and strategic perspectives have taken precedence over technical skills. It is now quite common for CIOs to be appointed from the business side of the organization, especially if they have [[project management]] skills.
 
 
Another way that the CIO role is changing is an increasing focus on service management.<ref name="servMgmt">{{cite web|url=http://www.cio.com/article/558564/Recession_Shifts_IT_Service_Management_Into_Fast_Lane |title=CIO Magazine: Recession Shifts IT Service Management into Fast Lane |publisher=Cio.com |date=2010-02-26 |accessdate=2012-03-28}}</ref> As [[SaaS]], [[IaaS]], [[Business process outsourcing|BPO]] and other more flexible value delivery techniques are brought into organizations the CIO usually functions as a 3rd party manager for the organization. In essence, a CIO in the modern organization is required to possess business skills and the ability to relate to the organization as a whole, as opposed to being a technological expert with limited functional business expertise. The CIO position is as much about anticipating trends in the market place with regard to technology. As it is about ensuring that the business navigates these trends through expert guidance, and proper strategic IT planning that is aligned to the corporate strategy of the organization.
 
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==Distinction between CIO, CDO, and CTO==
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