Yung Wing: Difference between revisions

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[[File:Yung Wing My Life in China and America Holt Co 1909 NYPL FRD 4782.jpg|thumb|left|150px|Page One]]
 
After receiving his early education at a Mission School in Canton,<ref name=Andrews /> Yung studied at [[Yale College]] to become, in 1854, the first-known Chinese student to graduate from an [[United States|American]] university. He was a member and librarian of [[Brothers in Unity]], a prominent Yale student literary society. His time at Yale was sponsored by [[Samuel Robbins Brown]] (1810–1880).<ref name="nrhpinv_ny">{{cite web|url=http://www.oprhp.state.ny.us/hpimaging/hp_view.asp?GroupView=889|title=National Register of Historic Places Registration: Sand Beach Church| date= January 1975|accessdate=2009-11-10 |author=Cornelia E. Brooke|publisher=[[New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation]]}}</ref> In 1851, at the end of his freshman year, Wing wrote to Albert Booth, a fellow alumnus of Munson Academy and "old Yale, where you have the satisfaction + honor to have gone through." Wing asked for Booth's help in acquiring study materials and stated, "Now you know probably the many disadvantages in which I labor aside from these additional studies."<ref>[http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/mssa.ru.1081 Ravi D. Goel Collection on Yale (RU 1081)]. Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library. (Accession 2008-A-176. Yale letters and memorabilia, Box 1, Folder 10)</ref> He was a member of the Phi chapter of the [[Delta Kappa Epsilon]] Fraternityfraternity.
 
After finishing his studies, Yung returned to [[Qing Dynasty]] China and worked with western missionaries as an interpreter. He was thought perhaps the first Chinese person to almost entirely master the English language.<ref name=Andrews>{{cite book|last=Andrews|first=Stephen Pearl|title=Discoveries in Chinese|date=1854|place= New York|page=17}}</ref>
 
After finishing his studies, Yung returned to [[Qing Dynasty]] China and worked with western missionaries as an interpreter. He was thought perhaps the first Chinese person to almost entirely master the English language.<ref name=Andrews>{{cite book|last=Andrews|first=Stephen Pearl|title=Discoveries in Chinese|date=1854|place= New York|page=17}}</ref>
 
==Republican activism==
In 1908, Yung joined "General" [[Homer Lea]], the former American military advisor to [[Kang Youwei]], in a bold and audacious military venture in China called the "Red Dragon Plan" that called for organizing a revolutionary conspiracy to conquer the two southern [[Guangdong|Guang]] provinces. Through Yung, Lea planned to solicit a united front of various southern Chinese factions and secret societies to organize an army that he would command for the revolution. If successful, Yung was slated to head a coalition government of revolutionary forces while Lea and his fellow conspirators hoped to receive wide-ranging economic concessions from the new government. The Red Dragon conspiracy subsequently collapsed.<ref name=Chu>Chu, T.K., 150, Years of Chinese Students in America, p.9, Harvard China Review, Spring 2004; Lawrence M. Kaplan, Homer Lea: American Soldier of Fortune (University Press of Kentucky, 2010), 145-157.</ref>
 
After the [[Wuchang Uprising]] in the late fall of 1911, [[Sun Yat Sen]] wrote to Yung Wing requesting help to build the newly-founded [[Republic of China (1912–1949)|Republic of China]], however Yung was unable to go due to old age and illness. He requested his two sons to go in his place.<ref>{{cite book|title=Pioneers of Modern China: Understanding the Inscrutable Chinese|first=Khoon Choy|last= Lee}}</ref>
 
==Family and legacy==
 
Yung lived his twilight years after the failed 1908 uprising in poverty in [[Hartford, Connecticut]], and died in 1912.<ref name=Chu /> His grave is located at [[Cedar Hill Cemetery (Hartford, Connecticut)|Cedar Hill Cemetery]] outside Hartford.
[[File:Yung Wing Grave 2012 FRD 4735.jpg|thumb|right|150px|Yung Wing's family plot at [[Cedar Hill Cemetery (Hartford, Connecticut)|Cedar Hill Cemetery]].]]
 
P.S. 124, a public elementary school at 40 Division St. in Chinatown in [[New York City]], NY, is named after Yung.