Niles, Ohio: Difference between revisions

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(Updated mayor)
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| work = The Youngstown Daily Vindicator
| date = December 20, 1927
}}</ref> The facility currently houses the community's library as well as a small museum.
| accessdate = 2007-02-14
}}</ref> The facility currently houses the community's library as well as a small museum.
 
Niles' location in the [[Mahoning Valley]], a center of [[steel mill|steel]] production, ensured that the community would become a destination for immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe in the early 20th century. Dramatic demographic change fueled ethnic and religious tension throughout the northern United States following World War I, and Niles proved to be no exception to this trend. In the 1920s, regional chapters of the [[Ku Klux Klan]] targeted Niles because of its large [[Roman Catholic|Catholic]] population. The Klan marched through the center of Niles in May 1924, and attempted another march in June of the same year. When violence forced the Klan to cancel the second march, the event was rescheduled for November 1, 1924. The local mayor's ultimate decision to issue the Klan a permit for the march outraged many of the community's Italian- and [[Irish-American]] residents.<ref name="niles"/>
| page = 17
| date = November 1, 1924
}}</ref> Despite the city's pleas for assistance from the militia, they were denied. The result was 18 hours of full-blown rioting. Control was brought to the town, requiring 10 days of [[martial law]].<ref name="Jenkins137">
| accessdate = 2007-10-18
}}</ref> Despite the city's pleas for assistance from the militia, they were denied. The result was 18 hours of full-blown rioting. Control was brought to the town, requiring 10 days of [[martial law]].<ref name="Jenkins137">
{{cite book
| last = Jenkins
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