Genitourinary system: Difference between revisions

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The '''genitourinary system''', or '''urogenital system''', is the [[organ system]] of the [[reproductive organ]]s and the [[urinary system]].<ref>{{DorlandsDict|eight/000105290|genitourinary system}}</ref> These are grouped together because of their proximity to each other, [[Development of the urinary and reproductive organs|their common embryological origin]] and the use of common pathways, like the [[male urethra]]. Also, because of their proximity, the systems are sometimes imaged together.<ref name="urlUC Davis Department of Radiology - Genitourinary Radiology">{{cite web |url=http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/radiology/specialties/genitourinary.html |title=UC Davis Department of Radiology - Genitourinary Radiology |work= |accessdate=2010-03-16}}</ref>
 
The term "apparatus urogenitalis" iswas used in ''[[Nomina Anatomica]]'' (under [[Splanchnologia]]), but not in the current ''[[Terminologia Anatomica]]''.
 
==Development==
{{Main|Development of the urinary system |Development of the reproductive system}}
The urinary and reproductive organs are developed from the [[intermediate mesoderm]]. The permanent organs of the adult are preceded by a set of structures that are purely embryonic, and that, with the exception of the ducts, disappear almost entirely before the end of fetal life. These embryonic structures are on either side: the [[pronephros]], the [[mesonephros]] and the [[metanephros]] of the [[kidney]], and the [[Wolffian duct|Wolffian]] and [[Müllerian duct]]s of the [[sex organ]]. The pronephros disappears very early; the structural elements of the mesonephros mostly degenerate, but the [[gonad]] is developed in their place, with which the Wolffian duct remains as the duct in males, and the Müllerian as that of the female. Some of the tubules of the mesonephros form part of the permanent kidney.
 
==Disorders==
*[[Varicocele]]
 
As a medical specialty, '''genitourinary pathology''' is the subspecialty of [[surgical pathology]] which deals with the [[diagnosis]] and characterization of [[neoplasia|neoplastic]] and non-neoplastic [[disease]]s of the [[urinary tract]], male genital tract, and testes. However, medical disorders of the kidneys are generally within the expertise of [[renal pathology|renal pathologists]]. Genitourinary [[pathology|pathologists]] generally work closely with [[urology|urologic surgeons]].
 
==See also==