Urban density: Difference between revisions

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'''Urban density''' is a term used in [[urban planning]] and [[urban design]] to refer to the number of people inhabiting a given [[urbanized area]]. As such it is to be distinguished from other measures of [[population density]]. Urban density is considered an important factor in understanding how cities function. Research related to urban density occurs across diverse areas, including economics, health, innovation, psychology and geography as well as [[sustainability]].
A 2019 meta-analysis of 180 studies on a vast number of economic outcomes of urban density concluded that urban density had net positive effects but had some regressive distributional effects, which is to say, a negative impact on lower-income residents.<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0094119019300282|title=The economic effects of density: A synthesis|last=|first=|date=2019|website=Journal of Urban Economics|doi=10.1016/j.jue.2019.04.006|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2019-05-04}}</ref> However, there may be some regressive distributional effects.<ref name=":0" />
== Sustainability ==
[[File:Revised petrol use urban density.jpg|thumb|A graph showing the relationship between urban density and petrol use.]]
It is commonly asserted that higher density cities are more sustainable than low density cities. Much urban [[Urban planning|planning theory]], particularly in North America, the UK, Australia and New Zealand has been developed premised on raising urban densities, such as [[New Urbanism]], [[Transit-oriented development]], and [[Smart growth]]. {{Citation needed|date=November 2014}}
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