Novgorod Detinets: Difference between revisions

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==History==
[[File:Stamp-russia2009-kremlins-5-block.png|thumb|right|300px|A sheet of Russian definitive stamps with Novgorod Kremlin]]
The compound was originally the site of a [[Slavic paganism|pagan]] burial ground upon which the first bishop of Novgorod, [[Ioakim Korsunianin]], built the [[Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod|Cathedral of Holy Wisdom]] upon his arrival in the area in 989 or so. Thus the compound was and remained largely an ecclesiastical site, although many Novgorodian [[boyars]] built their houses in the southern part of the [[Detinets]].<ref>S. V. Troianovskii, "O nekotorikh rezul'tatakh raskopok v Novgorodskom kremle v 1992-1996 gg.," ''Novgorod i novgorodskaia zemlia, istoriia i arkheologiia'', No. 12, (1998): 58-70.</ref>
 
The first reference toof fortificationsthe fortification on the site dates to 1044, with additional construction taking place in 1116. These were probably earthen embankments topped by a wooden palisade, although stone towers and walls were built in 1302. [[Archbishop of Novgorod|Archbishop]] [[Vasily Kalika]] (1330–1352) rebuilt the stone wall along the eastern side of the Detinets in 1331–1335. The rest was completed in stone only in 1400. In 1433, under the rule of Archbishop [[Evfimy II (Archbishop of Novgorod)|Evfimy II]] (1429–1458), a council hall for the nobility council of Novgorod Republic was built as a part of the episcopal compound. Today it is called the Episcopal Chamber or the [[Chamber of Facets]], due to its elaborate [[Gothic architecture|Gothic]] vaults, one of the easternmost examples of [[Brick Gothic]]. In 1437, part of Vasily's walls collapsed into the Volkhov River and were rebuilt by Evfimy II, too.<ref>Troianovskii, "O nekotorikh rezul'tatakh raskopok v Novgorodskom kremle," 59.</ref>
 
===Modern Construction===
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