Jetavana: Difference between revisions

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→‎Donation of Jetavana: replace parts with better written part from anathapindika page
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==Donation of Jetavana==
[[File:Jetvan bharhut.JPG|thumb|right|Anathapindika covers Jetavana with coins ([[Bharhut]]) ]]
Following [[Anathapindika|Anathapindika's]] first encounter with the Buddha, he requested to offer him a meal, which the Buddha accepted, and then asked to build a temple for him and his monks in his hometown of Savatthi, to which the Buddha agreed.<ref name=":022">{{Cite web|url=http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/hecker/wheel334.html|title=Anathapindika: The Great Benefactor|website=www.accesstoinsight.org|language=en|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171008080100/http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/hecker/wheel334.html|archive-date=2017-10-08|dead-url=no|access-date=2017-10-07|df=}}</ref>
When the Buddha accepted [[Anathapindika|Anāthapindika]]'s invitation to visit Sāvatthi the latter, seeking a suitable place for the Buddha's residence, discovered this park belonging to {{ill|Jetakumāra|lt=|zh|祗陀太子}} (MA.i.471 says it was in the south of Sāvatthi). When he asked to be allowed to buy it, Jeta's reply was: "Not even if you could cover the whole place with money." Anāthapindika said that he would buy it at that price, and when Jeta answered that he had had no intention of making a bargain, the matter was taken before the Lords of Justice, who decided that if the price mentioned were paid, Anāthapindika had the right of purchase. Anāthapindika had gold brought down in carts and covered Jetavana with pieces laid side by side. (This incident is illustrated in a bas-relief at the [[Bharhut]] Tope; see Cunningham - the Stūpa of Bharhut, Pl.lvii., pp.&nbsp;84–6). The money brought in the first journey was found insufficient to cover one small spot near the gateway. So Anāthapindika sent his servants back for more, but Jeta, inspired by Anāthapindika's earnestness, asked to be allowed to give this spot. Anāthapindika agreed and Jeta erected there a gateway, with a room over it. Anāthapindika built in the grounds dwelling rooms, retiring rooms, store rooms and service halls, halls with fireplaces, closets, cloisters, halls for exercise, wells, bathrooms, ponds, open and roofed sheds, etc. (Vin.ii.158f).
 
Shortly after, Anathapindika went back to Savatthi to search for a place to build the monastery. Looking for a place that was both accessible to followers and peacefully secluded, he came across a park belonging to Prince Jeta, the son of [[Pasenadi|King Pasenadi]] of [[Kosala]]. Anathapindika offered to buy the park from the prince but the prince refused, after Anathapindika persisted, the prince joking said he will sell him the park if he covers it with gold coins, to which Anathapindika agreed.<ref name=":02">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=IStatqlilL8C&pg=PA64&dq=Anathapindika&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjRk7S1id_WAhXLiVQKHW2sBXQQ6AEIMDAB#v=onepage&q=Anathapindika&f=false|title=The Buddha and His Disciples|last=Dhammika|first=Shravasti|date=2005-12-01|publisher=Buddhist Publication Society|isbn=9789552402807|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/btg/btg26.htm|title=Jetavana, The Vihara|website=www.sacred-texts.com|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170909142638/http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/btg/btg26.htm|archive-date=2017-09-09|dead-url=no|access-date=2017-10-15|df=}}</ref>
 
Anathapindika later came back with wagons full of gold pieces to cover the park with. When Prince Jeta stated that he was merely joking and still would not sell the park, Anathapindika and the prince went to arbitrators who concluded that Prince Jeta had to sell the park at the mentioned price.<ref name=":022" /><ref name=":02" />
 
The money brought in the first journey was found insufficient to cover one small spot near the gateway. So Anāthapindika sent his servants back for more, but Jeta, inspired by Anāthapindika's earnestness, asked to be allowed to give this spot. Anāthapindika agreed and Jeta erected there a gateway, with a room over it. Anāthapindika built in the grounds dwelling rooms, retiring rooms, store rooms and service halls, halls with fireplaces, closets, cloisters, halls for exercise, wells, bathrooms, ponds, open and roofed sheds, etc. (Vin.ii.158f).
 
It is said (MA.i.50; UdA.56f) that Anāthapindika paid eighteen crores for the purchase of the site, all of which Jeta spent in the construction of the gateway gifted by him. (The gateway was evidently an imposing structure; see J.ii.216).