Texas blues: Difference between revisions

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The state's R&B recording industry was based in [[Houston]] with labels such as [[Peacock Records|Duke/Peacock]], which in the 1950s provided a base for artists who would later pursue the electric Texas blues sound, including [[Johnny Copeland]] and [[Albert Collins]].<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> [[Freddie King]], a major influence on electric blues, was born in Texas, but moved to Chicago as a teenager.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> His instrumental number "[[Hide Away]]" (1961), was emulated by [[British blues]] artists including Eric Clapton.<ref>M. Roberty and C. Charlesworth, ''The complete guide to the music of Eric Clapton'' (Omnibus Press, 1995), p. 11.</ref>
 
In the late 1960s and early 1970s the Texas electric blues scene began to flourish, influenced by [[country music]] and [[blues rock]], particularly in the clubs of [[Austin, Texas|Austin]]. The diverse style often featured instruments such as keyboards and horns with emphasis on guitar soloing.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5>V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, ''All music guide to the blues: the definitive guide to the blues'' (Backbeat Books, 3rd edn., 2003), pp. 694–5.</ref> TheThis moststyle prominentused artistsguitars toin emergeboth insolo thisand erarhythm wereroles. theIn brotherscontrast [[Johnnywith Winter|Johnny]]the andWest [[EdgarSide Winter]]blues, whothe combinedTexas traditionalstyle andis southernstrongly styles.<refinfluenced name=Allmusicblues694by the British rock-5/>blues Inmovement. Major artists of the 1970sTexas style are [[Johnny Winter]], [[JimmieStevie Ray Vaughan]], formedthe [[The Fabulous Thunderbirds|Fabulous Thunderbirds]] and(led inby the[[harmonica]] 1980splayer hisand brothersinger-songwriter [[StevieKim Ray VaughanWilson]] broke through to mainstream success with his virtuoso guitar playing), as didand [[ZZ Top]] with their brand of Southern rock.<ref>E. M. Komara, ''Encyclopedia of the blues'' (Routledge, 2006), p. 50.</ref>
 
The most prominent artists to emerge in this era were the brothers [[Johnny Winter|Johnny]] and [[Edgar Winter]], who combined traditional and southern styles.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> In the 1970s, [[Jimmie Vaughan]] formed [[The Fabulous Thunderbirds]] and in the 1980s his brother [[Stevie Ray Vaughan]] broke through to mainstream success with his virtuoso guitar playing, as did [[ZZ Top]] with their brand of Southern rock.<ref>E. M. Komara, ''Encyclopedia of the blues'' (Routledge, 2006), p. 50.</ref> These artists all began their musical careers in the 1970s but they did not achieve international success until the next decade.
 
==Noteworthy performers==
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