Yung Wing: Difference between revisions

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[[File:Yung Wing My Life in China and America Holt Co 1909 NYPL FRD 4782.jpg|thumb|left|150px|Page One]]
 
Yung Wing is the first-known Chinese student to graduate from an [[United States|American]] university. He graduated from [[Yale College]] in 1854, where he was a member and librarian of [[Brothers in Unity]], a prominent Yale student literary society. His time at Yale was sponsored by [[Samuel Robbins Brown]] (1810–1880).<ref name="nrhpinv_ny">{{cite web|url=http://www.oprhp.state.ny.us/hpimaging/hp_view.asp?GroupView=889|title=National Register of Historic Places Registration: Sand Beach Church| date= January 1975|accessdate=2009-11-10 |author=Cornelia E. Brooke|publisher=[[New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation]]}}</ref> In 1851, at the end of his freshman year, Wing wrote to Albert Booth, a fellow alumnus of Munson Academy and "old Yale, where you have the satisfaction + honor to have gone through." Wing asked for Booth's help in acquiring study materials and stated, "Now you know probably the many disadvantages in which I labor aside from these additional studies."<ref>[http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/mssa.ru.1081 Ravi D. Goel Collection on Yale (RU 1081)]. Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library. (Accession 2008-A-176. Yale letters and memorabilia, Box 1, Folder 10)</ref> He was a member of the Phi chapter of the [[Delta Kappa Epsilon]] Fraternity. After finishing his studies, Yung Wing returned to [[Qing Dynasty]] China and worked with western missionaries as an interpreter. He was thought perhaps the first Chinese person to almost entirely master the English language.<ref>{{cite book|last=Andrews|first=Stephen Pearl|title=Discoveries in Chinese|date=1854|place= New York|page=17}}</ref> In 1859, he accepted an invitation to the [[Taiping Heavenly Kingdom|court of the Taiping rebels]] in [[Nanjing]], but his proposals aimed at increasing the efficiency of the [[Taiping Heavenly Kingdom]] were all eventually refused. In 1863, Yung Wing was dispatched to the United States by [[Zeng Guofan]] to buy machinery necessary for opening an arsenal in China capable of producing heavy weapons comparable with those of the western powers. The arsenal later became [[Jiangnan Shipyard]].
 
Yung Wing was naturalized as an American citizen on October 30, 1852, and in 1876, he married Mary Kellogg, an American. They had two children: Morrison Brown Yung and Bartlett Golden Yung. At Yale's centennial commencement in 1876, Yung Wing received an honorary Doctor of Laws.<ref>Schiff, Judith Ann, "When East Met West," old Yale, November/December 2004</ref>