Multinational state: Difference between revisions

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Reverted edits by 179.228.79.165 (talk) to last version by 92.7.168.212
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A '''multinational state''' is a [[sovereign state]] that comprises two or more [[nation]]s. This is in contrast to a [[nation state]], where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population. Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on [[Ethnic group|ethnicity]], language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be [[Multiculturalism|multicultural]] or [[Multilingualism|multilingual]].
 
Present-day examples of multinational states are [[Afghanistan]], [[Belgium]], [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]], [[Brazil]], [[Canada]], [[China]], [[Ethiopia]], [[India]], [[Indonesia]], [[Iraq]], [[Madagascar]], [[Montenegro]], [[Nigeria]], [[Pakistan]], [[Russia]], [[Serbia]], [[South Africa]], [[Spain]], [[Suriname]], [[Turkey]], [[The Kingdom of Denmark]] and the [[United Kingdom]]. Examples of historical multinational states that have since split into multiple sovereign states include [[Austria-Hungary]], [[British Raj|British India]], [[Czechoslovakia]], the [[Empire of Japan]], the [[Soviet Union]] and [[Yugoslavia]]. Some analysts have described the [[European Union]] as a multinational state or a potential one.<ref name="Built to Last">Kelemen, R. Daniel. (2007). {{cite web |url= http://www.princeton.edu/~smeunier/Kelemen%20Memo.pdf |title= Built to Last? The Durability of EU Federalism? |deadurl= yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130120153312/http://www.princeton.edu/~smeunier/Kelemen%20Memo.pdf |archivedate= 2013-01-20 |df= }} In ''Making History: State of the European Union'', Vol. 8, edited by [[Sophie Meunier]] and Kate McNamara, Oxford University Press, p. 52.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=gHw9M_817nwC&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=The+EU+as+a+multinational+state&source=bl&ots=qV58MWGiHB&sig=bmJIs-lRC84mJ8uJIDYLbNzHPKg&hl=it&sa=X&ei=nDqlVPXDD8LsaO3qgpAE&ved=0CDcQ6AEwCA|title=A Union of Diversity: Language, Identity and Polity-Building in Europe|first=Peter A.|last=Kraus|date=10 March 2008|publisher=Cambridge University Press|accessdate=22 October 2017|via=Google Books}}</ref>
 
Many attempts have been made to define what a multinational state is. One complicating factor is that it is possible for members of a group that could be considered a nation to identify with two different nationalities simultaneously. As [[Ilan Peleg]] wrote in ''Democratizing the Hegemonic State'': {{quote|sign=|source=|One can be a Scot and a Brit in the United Kingdom, a Jew and an American in the United States, an Igbo and a Nigerian in Nigeria ... One might find it hard to be a Slovak and a Hungarian, an Arab and an Israeli, a Breton and a Frenchman.<ref>Ilan Peleg, 'Classifying Multinational States' in ''Democratizing the Hegemonic State'' ([[Cambridge University Press]], 2007), pp. 78-80</ref>}}