Vācaspati Miśra: Difference between revisions

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'''Vachaspati Mishra''' was a 9th- or 10th-century CE [[India]]n [[philosopher]]. He wrote so broadly that he was known as "one for whom all systems are his own", or in Sanskrit, a ''sarva-tantra-sva-tantra''.<ref name=":0">{{Cite journal|last=Phillips|first=Stephen|date=2015|title=Seeing From the Other’s Point of View: Counter the Schismatic Interpretation of Vācaspati Miśra|url=http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.apaonline.org/resource/collection/2EAF6689-4B0D-4CCB-9DC6-FB926D8FF530/AsianV14n2.pdf|journal=APA Newsletter: Asian and Asian-American Philosophers and Philosophies|volume=14:2|pages=4--8}}</ref> Vācaspati Miśra was a prolific scholar and his writings are extensive, including [[bhasya]] (commentaries) on key texts of almost every 9th-century school of [[Hindu philosophy]] with notes on non-Hindu or ''nāstika'' traditions such as [[Buddhism]] and [[Charvaka|Carvaka]].<ref>{{cite book|title=''Hindu Realism''|author=Jagadisha Chandra Chatterji|pages=vi|year=1912}}</ref><ref name=larsonvm301>Gerald James Larson and Ram Shankar Bhattacharya (1987), The Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Volume 4, Princeton University Press, pages 301-312</ref> He also wrote one non-commentary, ''Tattvabindu,'' or ''Drop of Truth'', which focuses on Mīmāṃsā theories of sentence meaning. Some of his works are lost to history or yet to be found.<ref name=larsonvm301/>
Little is known about Vācaspati Miśra's life, and the earliest text that has been dated with certainty is from 840 CE, and he was at least one generation younger than [[Adi Śaṅkara]].<ref>{{cite book |last=Isaeva |first=Natalia |title=Shankara and Indian Philosophy |year=1993 |publisher=State University of New York Press |location=USA |isbn=978-0-7914-1281-7|pages=85-86}}</ref> However, an alternate date for the same text may be 976 CE, according to some scholars, a confusion that is based on whether Hindu Śaka or Vikrama era calendar is used for the dating purposes.<ref name=larsonvm301/> His scholarship is revered in the Hindu tradition, which believes that he was a Maithila [[Brahmin]] from Andhra Tharhi
[[Bihar]].<ref name=larsonvm301/>