Libyan resistance movement: Difference between revisions

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{{History of Libya}}
The '''Libyan resistance movement''' was the name given to rebel forcesforce opposing the [[Italian Empire]] during its "[[Pacification of Libya]]" between 1923 and 1932.
 
==History==
{{main|Pacification of Libya}}
 
The Libyan resistance was initially led by [[Omar Mukhtar]] ([[Arabic language|Arabic]] عمر المختار ''‘Umar Al-Mukhtār'') (1862 – 16 September, 19311862–1931), who was from the [[wiktionary:tribe|tribe]] of Mnifa, born in a small village called [[Zawiyat Janzur|Janzour]] located in the eastern part of [[Cyrenaica|Barqa]].
 
Later [[Idris of Libya|King Idris]] and his [[Senussi]] tribe in the provinces of [[Cyrenaica]] and [[Tripolitania]] started to become opposed to the Italian colonization after 1929, when Italy changed its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi (done in 1911) and – becauseand—because of [[Benito Mussolini]] – started—started to take complete colonial control of Libya.
 
Resistance was totally crushed by General [[Rodolfo Graziani]] in the 1930s and the country was again controlled by the Italians with the help of [[Arabs|Arab]] [[Fascism|fascists]], to the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943: two divisions of Libyan colonial troops were created in the late 1930s and 30,000 native Libyans fought for Italy during [[World War II]].
 
==See also==
* [[Gasr Bu Hadi]]
* [[Fourth Shore]]
*[[Resistance during World War II]]
* Italy's '[[FourthItalia Shoreirredenta]]'
* The [[Italian Mare Nostrum]]
* The concept of [[Italia irredenta]]
* [[Resistance during World War II]]
* The [[Italian Mare Nostrum]]
 
==References==
*[http://www.workmall.com/wfb2001/libya/libya_history_world_war_ii_and_independence.html Libya WORLD WAR II AND INDEPENDENCE ]
*[https://archive.org/search.php?query=collection%3A%22opensource_movies%22%20AND%20(subject%3A%22%20World%20War%20II%22) World War II]
*[http://countrystudies.us/libya/23.htm WORLD WAR II AND INDEPENDENCE]
*[http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/arab-thoughts-on-the-italian-colonial-wars-in-libya ARAB THOUGHTS ON THE ITALIAN COLONIAL WARS IN LIBYA]
*[http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=acls;cc=acls;view=toc;idno=heb00880.0001.001 THE SANUSI OF CYRENAICA]
*[http://histclo.com/country/arab/lib/hist/lh-ita.html Libyan History: Italian Colonization (1911-42)]
*[http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/libya/senussi.htm Military World Libya - Senussi]
*[https://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/index2010.htm ARMED CONFLICT TIMELINE INDEX 2010 - 2019]
 
{{Libya topics}}