George Ent: Difference between revisions

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'''George Ent''' (6 November 1604 – 13 October 1689) was an English scientist in the seventeenth century who focused on the study of [[anatomy]]. He was a member of the [[Royal Society]] and the [[Royal College of Physicians]]. Ent is best known for his associations with [[William Harvey]], particularly his ''Apologia pro circulatione sanguinis'', a defense of Harvey’sHarvey's work.
 
== Biography ==
 
== Works and Theories ==
George Ent’sEnt's significance lies mainly in his contributions to the works of others, particularly his critiques. He is known as one of the closest friends and first defenders of [[William Harvey]], and he is considered to be one of Harvey’sHarvey's successors in the study of anatomy. Ent’sEnt's best known theories build on Harvey’sHarvey's work, while the rest of Ent’sEnt's work spans a wide spectrum of knowledge.
 
=== ''Apologia pro circulatione sanguinis'' ===
Translation: ''Defense on Behalf of the Circulation of the Blood''.
 
Written in 1641, the ''Apologia pro circulatione sanguinis'', Ent’sEnt's most significant work on [[anatomy]], defends the theories of [[William Harvey]]’s book ''[[Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus|de Motu Cordis]]'' (''On the Circulation of the Blood''), directly responding to the criticism of [[Emilius Parisianus]]. This book is significant both on the merits of Ent's own anatomical theories and because it offered one of the first in-depth defenses of Harvey’s work.
 
In the ''Apologia'', Ent elaborates on Harvey’s theories on [[circulatory system|circulation]], suggesting that a “nutritive fluid” nourishes the body by passing through the nerves. Ent draws on [[John Mayow]]’s theories on [[innate heat]] and [[Respiration (physiology)|respiration]] in his discussion of the [[nervous system]]. In addition to Harvey’sHarvey's work, Ent references both ancient and contemporary sources, particularly mentioning writers discussing topics now considered occult, whom Harvey dismissed.
 
=== ''Sive animadversiones in Malachias Thrustoni'' ===
Translation: ''Or Observations against Malachi Thruston''.
 
The ''Sive animadversiones in Malachias Thrustoni'' contains Ent’sEnt's analysis of [[Malachi Thruston]]’s theories on respiration. While containing a reasonable critique, the original theories Ent puts forth in this work do not go beyond those expressed in his Apologia, making this work less significant than the Apologia as an original expression.
 
=== Lectures on Anatomy ===
*[[Debus, Allen G.]] ''Medicine in seventeenth century England; a symposium held at UCLA in honor of C. D. O'Malley''. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.
*"Ent, George." ''Dictionary of National Biography'', Vol. XVII, Ed. Leslie Stephen London: 1878. 377-78.
*“Ent, George.” ''Dictionary of Scientific Biography'', Vol. IV. Ed. Charles Coulston Gillispie. New York: Charles Scribner’sScribner's Sons, 1971. 376–377.
*Keynes, Geoffrey, Sir. ''The life of William Harvey.'' Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966.
*[[Munk, William]]. ''The Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London''. 2d ed. rev. and enlarged. London: 1878. Volume I. 223–227.