Emeritus: Difference between revisions

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==In academia==
In the United States and other countries, a fully [[tenure]]d professor who retires from an educational institution in good standing may be given the title "professor emeritus" regardless of gender. The title "professor emerita" is sometimes used for women. In most systems and institutions, the rank is bestowed on all professors who have retired in good standing, while at others, it needs a special act or vote. Professors emeriti may, depending on local circumstances, retain office space or other privileges. The word is used either as a postpositional adjective (e.g., "professor emeritus", [[Noam Chomsky]], the renowned scholar and MIT professor emeritus), or as a prepositional adjective (e.g., "emeritus professor"). The concept has in some places been expanded to include tenured associate professors or non-tenure-track faculty.
In the [[United Kingdom]] and most other parts of the world,{{Citation needed|date=October 2014}} the term "emeritus professor" is given only to a person of outstanding merit who had full professorial status before he or she retired. The possession of a PhD or other higher degree, or even full professorial status, is not sufficient for calling oneself "emeritus professor" upon retirement. The term "Professor Emeritus" is also recognised in the [[United Kingdom]]. The word is capitalized when it forms part of a title which is capitalized. [[Oxbridge]] [[Collegiate university|colleges]] may appoint distinguished [[Oxford fellow|fellows]] who have retired as "Emeritus Fellow".
==Other uses==