Congress of Paris (1856): Difference between revisions

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Also, Russia gave up the left bank of the mouth of the Danube River, including part of [[Bessarabia]]<ref name="Congress"/> to [[Moldavia]] and gave up its claim to the special protection of Christians in the Ottoman Empire. Moldavia and [[Wallachia]] (which together later became [[Romania]] in 1858) along with Serbia were recognized as quasi-independent self-governing principalities under protection of the other European Powers. The sultan of Turkey agreed, in return, to help improve the status of the Christian subjects in his empire.<ref name="Congress"/>
 
The territories of Russia and Turkey were restored to their prewar boundaries.<ref name="Congress"/> The [[Black Sea]] was neutralized so that no warships were allowed to enter; however, it was open to all other nations.<ref name="Congress"/> It also opened the [[Danube River]] for shipping from all nations.<ref name="Britannica"/> Some of the rules and agreements were altered 22 years later by the [[Congress of Berlin]].<ref name="Congress"/>
 
The peace conditions of the Paris Congress collapsed with the defeat of France in the war with Prussia in 1870-71. Immediately after the defeat of the French army at Sedan and the abdication of Emperor Napoleon III, Russia announced its refusal to comply with the terms of the Treaty of 1856
 
Some of the rules and agreements were altered 22 years later by the [[Congress of Berlin]].<ref name="Congress"/>
 
==References==
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