Planning permission: Difference between revisions

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{{For|planning permission laws in the UK|Planning permission in the United Kingdom}}
[[File:One57 under construction 3 November 2012.jpeg|thumb|A[[One57]], a skyscraper in [[New York City]], under construction. Such a development would have gone through stringent checks against the local building code before planning permission was granted.]]
'''Planning permission''' or '''developmental approval''' refers to the approval needed for construction or expansion (including significant [[renovation]]) in some jurisdictions.<ref>{{cite book|last1=Harwood|first1=Richard|title=Planning Permission|publisher=International Specialized Book Services|isbn=9781780434919|url=|accessdate=5 March 2017|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Planning permission - GOV.UK|url=||publisher=UK Government|accessdate=18 February 2017|language=en}}</ref> It is usually given in the form of a '''building permit''' (or '''construction permit'''). Generally, the new construction must be [[Building inspection|inspected]] during construction and after completion to ensure compliance with national, regional, and local [[building code]]s. Planning is also dependent on the site's zone – for example, one cannot obtain permission to build a nightclub in an area where it is inappropriate such as a high-density suburb.<ref>{{cite web|title=How Do I Get Planning Permission in NSW? - The Design Partnership|url=||accessdate=18 February 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Planning permissions and liquor licences|url=||accessdate=18 February 2017|language=en-au}}</ref> Failure to obtain a permit can result in [[Fine (penalty)|fines]], [[Sanctions (law)|penalties]], and [[demolition]] of unauthorized construction if it cannot be made to meet code. House building permits, for example, are subject to [[List of housing statutes|local housing statutes]]. The criteria for planning permission are a part of [[urban planning]] and [[construction law]], and are usually managed by [[town planner]]s employed by [[local government]]s.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Portal|first1=Planning|title=Do you need permission? {{!}} Planning Portal|url=||accessdate=18 February 2017|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last1=Planning|first1=Department of Environment, Land, Water and|title=Planning applications|url=||accessdate=18 February 2017|language=en}}</ref> Since building permits usually precede outlays for construction, employment, financing and furnishings, they are often used as a [[economic indicator|leading indicator]] for developments in other areas of the economy.
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