Aureus: Difference between revisions

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Before the time of [[Julius Caesar]] the ''aureus'' was struck infrequently, probably because gold was seen as a mark of un-Roman luxury. Caesar struck the coin more often, and standardized the weight at <math>\tfrac{1}{40}</math> of a [[Roman pound]] (about 8 [[gram]]s). [[Augustus]] (r. 29 BC – 14 AD) tariffed the value of the ''[[sestertius]]'' as <math>\tfrac{1}{100}</math> of an ''aureus''.
The mass of the ''aureus'' was decreased to <math>\tfrac{1}{45}</math> of a pundpound (7.3 g) during the reign of [[Nero]] (r. 54–68). At about the same time the purity of the silver coinage was also slightly decreased.
[[File:Octavian aureus circa 30 BCE.jpg|thumb|left|''Aureus'' of [[Augustus|Octavian]], c. 30 BC.]]