Riding shotgun: Difference between revisions

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'''Riding shotgun''' was used to describe the guard who rode alongside a [[stagecoach]] driver, ready to use his [[shotgun]] to ward off bandits or hostile [[Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans]]. In modern use, it refers to the practice of sitting alongside the [[driver (person)|driver]] in a moving [[vehicle]]. The phrase has been used to mean giving actual or figurative support or aid to someone in a situation.<ref>{{cite web|work=dictionary.reference.com|url=http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/shotgun|title= Define Shotgun at Dictionary.com|publisher =Dictionary.com|accessdate=11 February 2013}}</ref> The earliest coining of this phrase dates to at most 1905.<ref name=phrases/>
 
== Etymology == hoi
 
The expression "riding shotgun" is derived from "[[shotgun messenger]]", a colloquial term for "express messenger", when [[stagecoachmessengagecoach]] travel was popular during the American [[American frontier|Wild West]] and the [[Colonialism|Colonial]] period in [[Australia]]. The person rode alongside the driver. The first known use of the phrase "riding shotgun" was in the 1905 novel ''The Sunset Trail'' by Alfred Henry Lewis.
 
{{quote|Wyatt and Morgan Earp were in the service of The Express Company. They went often as guards-- "riding shotgun," it was called-- when the stage bore unusual treasure.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=rwg3AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA349&dq=%22riding+shotgun%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjC7NSYjJXaAhXG2VMKHUmfDZYQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=%22riding%20shotgun%22&f=false|title=The Sunset Trail|last=Lewis|first=Alfred Henry|accessdate=30 March 2018}}</ref>}}
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