2016 Pacific typhoon season: Difference between revisions

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[[Image:Mindulle, Lionrock and Kompasu 2016-08-20 0420Z.jpg|270px|thumb|left|A trio of storms southeast of Japan on August 20; Lionrock <small>(left)</small>, Mindulle <small>(bottom-left)</small> and Kompasu <small>(top)</small>]]
Despite the season's late start, the 2016 season was a normal and active season with a total of 53 tropical depressions, of which 26 became tropical storms. After five months of inactivity, the first tropical depression developed on May 26, making it the fifth-latest season for a system to form. According to existing records only four other seasons started later—the [[1973 Pacific typhoon season|1973]], [[1983 Pacific typhoon season|1983]] and, [[1984 Pacific typhoon season|1984]], and [[1998 Pacific typhoon season|1998]] seasons. Tropical activity throughout the basin became marginally favorable for development, and two tropical depressions developed during June. On July 3, Nepartak became the first named tropical storm, making it the second-latest first named storm on record. Nepartak's naming ended a 199-day period (from December 17, 2015 to July 2, 2016) during which no named storm was active within the basin; this period tied the 199-day period from December 22, 1997 to July 8, 1998.<ref name=record>{{cite web|title=Ranking of Typhoon Inactive Period (W. North Pacific) : Top 500|url=http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/digital-typhoon/reference/period-inactive.html.en|publisher=Digital Typhoon|accessdate=July 6, 2016}}</ref> Nepartak reached Category 5 super typhoon intensity before making landfall in [[Taiwan]] and [[East China]], causing a total of US$1.52 billion of damage. In late July, [[Tropical Storm Mirinae (2016)|Tropical Storm Mirinae]] reached its peak intensity while making landfall over [[Red River Delta]] in Northern Vietnam. The storm caused a total of US$334 million of damage in Hainan and Vietnam. Later, [[Tropical Storm Nida (2016)|Nida]] reached near typhoon strength; it affected the [[Philippines]], [[South China]] and [[Vietnam]], but its damage was lower than that of Mirinae. The season became more active in August, with 7 named storms. Except Dianmu, which affected [[South China]], [[Indochina]], all of the tropical cyclones in August affected [[Japan]] and the [[Russian Far East]]. By the end of August, three storms (Chanthu, [[Typhoon Lionrock (2016)|Lionrock]] and Kompasu) had hit the Japanese island of [[Hokkaidō]], the most since 1951.<ref>{{cite web|author=Dave Ornauer|publisher=Stars and Stripes|date=August 28, 2016|title=Lionrock could give Tokyo area another drenching|accessdate=August 28, 2016|url=http://japan.stripes.com/news/lionrock-could-give-tokyo-area-another-drenching}}</ref> Lionrock was a large, powerful, long-lived and erratic [[tropical cyclone]] which caused [[2016 North Korean floods|significant flooding and casualties in North Korea]] and [[Japan]] in late August.
[[Image:MerantiMalakasRai 2016-09-13.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Three storms active during September 13: Rai (left), Meranti (center) and Malakas (right)]]
In September, [[Typhoon Meranti (2016)|Typhoon Meranti]] became the strongest typhoon in terms of pressure since [[Typhoon Megi (2010)|Typhoon Megi in 2010]], as well as the strongest typhoon in terms of sustained winds since [[Typhoon Haiyan]] in 2013, and the second-strongest tropical cyclone worldwide in 2016, only behind [[Cyclone Winston]], in terms of pressure. [[Typhoon Megi (2016)|Typhoon Megi]] reached its peak intensity as a Category 3 typhoon while making landfall over [[Taiwan]]. Both Meranti and Megi made landfall in [[Fujian]], [[China]], and they caused a total of US$3.6 billion of damage. [[Tropical Storm Rai (2016)|Rai]] became a weak tropical storm before it made landfall in [[Vietnam]], [[Laos]] and [[Thailand]] in mid-September, causing flooding and moderate damage. [[Typhoon Malakas (2016)|Typhoon Malakas]] impacted Japan with a total of nearly $740 million of damage as a Category 4 typhoon. In late September and early October, [[Typhoon Chaba (2016)|Typhoon Chaba]] reached Category 5 super typhoon intensity and became the strongest [[tropical cyclone]] to make landfall in [[South Korea]] since [[Typhoon Sanba (2012)|Sanba]] in 2012. Chaba also caused 7 deaths in the country.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2016/10/06/38/0302000000AEN20161006002652315F.html |title=Typhoon Chaba leaves 7 dead, 3 missing in southern S. Korea |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date=6 October 2016 |newspaper=Yonhap News |accessdate=7 October 2016}}</ref> [[2016 Pacific hurricane season#Other storms|A tropical depression]] formed east of the [[International Dateline]] on October 3, and entered the basin before developing into [[Typhoon Songda (2016)|Typhoon Songda]]. Songda struck the [[Pacific Northwest]] region of the United States and Canada as a powerful [[extratropical cyclone]].<ref>{{cite web|author1=Bob Henson|title=Potential once-in-a-decade windstorm takes shape for Pacific Northwest|url=https://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/bermuda-endures-direct-hit-from-nicole-fierce-winds-in-store-for-paci|publisher=Weather Ungerground|accessdate=October 14, 2016|date=October 14, 2016}}</ref> [[Tropical Storm Aere (2016)|Severe Tropical Storm Aere]] affected parts of [[Southeast Asia]] in mid-October, including the worst flooding in Vietnam since 2010, causing a total of US$112&nbsp;million of damage.<ref name=VN112016>{{cite web|url=http://vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/thoi-su/mua-o-quang-binh-la-ky-luc-chua-tung-co-3484061.html|publisher=vnexpress.net|title=Mưa ở Quảng Bình là 'kỷ lục chưa từng có' - VnExpress|accessdate=November 13, 2016}}</ref><ref name=VN102016/> Later, [[Typhoon Sarika (2016)|Typhoon Sarika]] became a powerful typhoon, and affected the Philippines, China and Vietnam, causing severe damage as well as severe flooding in southern China. After Sarika, [[Typhoon Haima (2016)|Typhoon Haima]] reached Category 5 super typhoon strength before impacting the [[Philippines]] and [[China]], causing a total of US$1.93 billion in damages. Haima was the most severe tropical cyclone to affect Hong Kong in October since 1995. In early November, [[November 2016 Vietnam tropical depression|a tropical depression]] made landfall in Southern Vietnam and caused heavy flooding throughout central and southern Vietnam, causing moderate damage. In late December, [[Typhoon Nock-ten|Nock-ten]] became the strongest Christmas tropical cyclone on record anywhere in the world since at least 1960 in terms of 1-minute sustained winds, before impacting the Philippines.<ref name="Nock-ten Dr. Klotzbach tweet">{{Cite web |url=https://twitter.com/philklotzbach/status/812854171653148672 |title=#Nockten's current intensity of 155 mph is strongest for TC anywhere around the globe on Christmas (UTC time) on record (since 1960) |last=Klotzbach |first=Phil |publication-date=December 25, 2016 |access-date=December 27, 2016}}</ref><ref name="Nock-ten TWC">{{Cite web |url=https://weather.com/storms/typhoon/news/typhoon-nock-ten-nina-philippines-christmas |title=Super Typhoon Nock-Ten (Nina), the Most Intense Christmas Tropical Cyclone in 56 Years, Hammers the Philippines |last=Lam |first=Linda |last2=Erdman |first2=Jon |date=December 26, 2016 |publisher=[[The Weather Channel]] |access-date=December 27, 2016}}</ref>
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