Cutler Formation: Difference between revisions

added infobox; added chronostratigraphy templates at bottom
(added infobox; added chronostratigraphy templates at bottom)
{{Infobox rockunit
| name = Cutler Formation
| image =
| caption =
| type = [[Geological formation]]
| age = [[Permian|Early Permian]]
| period = Early Permian
| prilithology = iron-rich [[arkose]] [[sandstone]]
| otherlithology =
| namedfor = Cutler Creek, north of Ouray, Co
| namedby = C.W. Cross and Ernest Howe
| region = [[Colorado Plateau]]
| country = United States
| coordinates =
| unitof =
| subunits = [[De Chelly Sandstone]], [[White Rim Sandstone]], [[Organ Rock Shale]], [[Cedar Mesa Sandstone]], [[Elephant Canyon Formation]], [[Halgaito Shale]]<ref name=GEOLEX />
| underlies = [[Chinle Formation]]
| overlies =
| thickness =
| extent = [[Arizona]], [[Colorado]], [[New Mexico]] and [[Utah]]
| area =
| map =
| map_caption =
[[Image:SEUtahStrat.JPG|thumb|300px|The [[Permian]] through [[Jurassic]] stratigraphy of the [[Colorado Plateau]] area of southeastern [[Utah]] that makes up much of the famous prominent rock formations in protected areas such as [[Capitol Reef National Park]] and [[Canyonlands National Park]]. From top to bottom: Rounded tan domes of the [[Navajo Sandstone]], layered red [[Kayenta Formation]], cliff-forming, vertically-jointed, red [[Wingate Sandstone]], slope-forming, purplish [[Chinle Formation]], layered, lighter-red [[Moenkopi Formation]], and white, layered Cutler Formation sandstone. Picture from [[Glen Canyon National Recreation Area]], Utah.]]
The '''Cutler Formation''' or '''Cutler Group''' is a rock unit that is spread across the [[U.S. states]] of [[Arizona]], northwest [[New Mexico]], southeast [[Utah]] and southwest [[Colorado]]. It was laid down in the [[Permian|Early Permian]] during the [[ Wolfcamp Shale|Wolfcampian]] stage. Its subunits, therefore, are variously called formations or [[member (geology)|member]]s depending on the publication.
Members (youngest to oldest):<ref name=GEOLEX>[{{cite web|url=|title=Cutler Group|author=<!--Not stated-->|website=GEOLEX database entry for 'Cutler']|publisher=United States AccessedGeological Survey|access-date=18 March 2006|quote=}}</ref>
*[[De Chelly Sandstone]] (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah)
*[[White Rim Sandstone]] (Utah)
== Extent ==
There is no designated [[Type locality (geology)|type locality]] for the Cutler. It was named by Cross and Howe in 1905 after Cutler Creek, which enters [[Uncompahgre River]] about 4 miles north of [[Ouray, Colorado]].<ref>{{cite web |url=|title=Cutler Group|author=<!--Not stated-->|website=Geology of National Parks, 3D and Photographic Tours|publisher=United States Geological Survey|access-date=30 September 2018|quote=}}</ref> Baker and Reeside revised Cross and Howe's work in 1929 by dividing the formation into the Halgaito Tongue (base), Cedar Mesa Sandstone Member, Organ Rock Tongue, and White Rim Sandstone Member. Cutler's geographic extent was established by Wood and Northrop in 1946. In 1958 Wengerd and Matheny raised the formation to [[group (geology)|group]] rank.
[[File:Cedar Mesa Sandstone on top of Organ Rock Shale in Needles District of Canyonlands.jpeg|thumb|right|170px|Cedar Mesa Sandstone overlaying Organ Rock Shale, Canyonlands, Utah.]]
== Geology ==
Cutler outcrops are found in these geologic locations in [[Arizona]], [[Colorado]], [[New Mexico]] and [[Utah]].
*[[Black Mesa (Warm Springs, Arizona)|Black Mesa Basin]]
*[[Paradox Basin]]
*[[Piceance Basin]]
*Wood, G.H. and Northrop, S.A., 1946, "Geology of Nacimiento Mountains, San Pedro Mountain, and adjacent plateaus in parts of Sandoval and Rio Arriba Counties, New Mexico", U.S. Geological Survey Oil and Gas Investigations Map, OM-57, 1 sheet, scale 1:95,040
*Wengerd, S.A. and Matheny, M.L., 1958, "Pennsylvanian system of the Four Corners region", American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 42, no. 9, p.&nbsp;2048-2106
{{sisterlinks|commons=yes|n=no|v=no|voy=no|b=no|q=no|species=no|wikt=no|mw=no|d= Q1146515 |s=no|position=left}}
{{commons category|position=left|Cutler Formation}}
{{Chronostratigraphy of Colorado|Mesozoic state=expanded}}
{{Chronostratigraphy of Nevada}}
[[Category:Sandstone formations of the United States]]