Libyan resistance movement: Difference between revisions

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{{History of Libya}}
The '''Libyan resistance movement''' was the name given to the Libyans side during the during the "[[Pacification of Libya]]." it occurred between 1923 and 1932, for more than twenty years.
The '''Libyan resistance movement''' was the name given to the Libyans side during the during the "[[Pacification of Libya]]." it occurred between 1923 and 1932, for more than twenty years. The [[Italian Empire]] seized the territory that is modern day Libya from the [[Ottoman Empire]], and -according to dictator Gheddafi and his followers- implemented a [[genocide]] campaign on its occupants in Cyrenaica, killing 20% of its population: the Italians committed many [[war crimes]] during the 'pacification,' including [[chemical warfare]], not taking prisoners of war and instead killing even if they surrendered, and many more horrendous acts. <ref>Gheddafi stated that: women were [[raped]] and [[disembowelled]], libraries were burned, homes and religious institutes were bombed). The Libyans were fighting against the Italians' tanks and [[aerial warfare]] with guns. They were also pushed into [[concentration camps]], an idea that would later be used by Hitler against the Jews, and [[ethical cleansing]] was also done</ref>. Italian historians -like Tripodi-denied all these accusations as excessive and often "fake". In the late 1930s the Libyans in the coastal areas were granted Italian citizenship as part of the fascist efforts to assimilate them and create the [[Imperial Italy (fascist)|Imperial Italy]] in Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. This reduced the appeal of the Libyan resistance movement to a few Arab/[[Berbers]] populations of the [[Fezzan]] area only, but this was practically non-existent until the arrival of British troops in the area in 1943.
 
==History==
 
The '''Libyan resistance movement''' was the name given to the Libyans side during the during the "[[Pacification of Libya]]." it occurred between 1923 and 1932, for more than twenty years. The [[Italian Empire]] seized the territory that is modern day Libya from the [[Ottoman Empire]], and -according to dictator Gheddafi and his followers- implemented a [[genocide]] campaign on its occupants in Cyrenaica, killing 20% of its population: the Italians committed many [[war crimes]] during the 'pacification,' including [[chemical warfare]], not taking prisoners of war and instead killing even if they surrendered, and many more horrendous acts. <ref>Gheddafi stated that: women were [[raped]] and [[disembowelled]], libraries were burned, homes and religious institutes were bombed). The Libyans were fighting against the Italians' tanks and [[aerial warfare]] with guns. They were also pushed into [[concentration camps]], an idea that would later be used by Hitler against the Jews, and [[ethical cleansing]] was also done</ref>. Italian historians -like Tripodi-denied all these accusations as excessive and often "fake". In the late 1930s the Libyans in the coastal areas were granted Italian citizenship as part of the fascist efforts to assimilate them and create the [[Imperial Italy (fascist)|Imperial Italy]] in Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. This reduced the appeal of the Libyan resistance movement to a few Arab/[[Berbers]] populations of the [[Fezzan]] area only, but this was practically non-existent until the arrival of British troops in the area in 1943.
===Second Italo-Libyan War (1923–1932)===
 
In the late 1930s the Libyans in the coastal areas were granted Italian citizenship as part of the fascist efforts to assimilate them and create the [[Imperial Italy (fascist)|Imperial Italy]] in Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. This reduced the appeal of the Libyan resistance movement to a few Arab/[[Berbers]] populations of the [[Fezzan]] area only, but this was practically non-existent until the arrival of British troops in the area in 1943.
===SecondCyrenaica Italo-Libyan Warresistance (1923–1932)===
{{main|Pacification of Libya}}
The Libyan resistance was initially led by [[Omar Mukhtar]] ([[Arabic language|Arabic]] عمر المختار ''‘Umar Al-Mukhtār'') (1862 – 16 September 1931), who was from the [[wiktionary:tribe|tribe]] of Mnifa, born in a small village called [[Zawiyat Janzur|Janzour]] located in the eastern part of [[Cyrenaica|Barqa]].
*[[Gasr Bu Hadi]]
*[[Resistance during World War II]]
* Italy's '[[Fourth4th Shore]]'
* The concept of [[Italia irredenta]]
* The [[Italian Mare Nostrum]]
* [[Italian Libya]]
 
==References==
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