Yarkand River: Difference between revisions

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The river originates from the [[Rimo Glacier]] in the [[Karakoram]] range in the south of the [[Kashgar Prefecture]]. It flows roughly due north until reaching the foot of the [[Kunlun Mountains]]. Then it flows northwest where it receives waters from the [[Shaksgam River]], which also originates from the Rimo Glacier. The Shaksgam is also known in its lower course (before falling into the Yarkand) as the Keleqing River ({{zh|c=克勒青河|p=Kèlèqīng Hé|links=no}}).
Then Yarkand River flows north, parallel to the [[Tashkurgan Town|Tashkurgan]] valley, eventually receiving the waters of the [[Tashkurgan River]].
After this, it turns east and enters the [[Tarim Basin]], forming a rich oasis that waters the [[Yarkant county]]. Continuing northeast, it receives the [[Kashgar River]] from the west, eventually draining into the Shangyou Reservoir.
== History ==
The ancient [[Silk Road|Silk Route]] into South Asia followed the Yarkand River valley. From [[Aksu, Xinjiang|Aksu]], it went via [[Maralbexi County|Maral Bashi]] (Bachu) on the bank of the Yarkand River, then to the city of [[Yarkant County|Yarkand]]. From Yarkand, the route crossed the mountains through the river valleys to reach [[Tashkurgan Town|Tashkurgan]]. ItFrom there, it crossed the [[Karakoram]] mountains either through the [[Kilik Pass|Kilik]] or [[Mintaka Pass|Mintaka]] pass to reach Gilgit and from thereon to [[Gandhara]] (the vicinity of present day [[Peshawar]]).<ref>{{citation |title=History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II: The development of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: 700 B.C. to AD> 250 |publisher=UNESCO Publishing |ISBN=978-92-3-102846-5 |url=http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0010/001057/105703eo.pdf |pp=492-493}}</ref><ref>{{citation |last=Bagchi |first=Prabodh Chandra |editor1=Bangwei Wang |editor2=Tansen Sen |title=India and China: Interactions through Buddhism and Diplomacy: A Collection of Essays by Professor Prabodh Chandra Bagchi |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=hrA1DgAAQBAJ&pg=PA186 |date=2011 |publisher=Anthem Press |isbn=978-0-85728-821-9 |pages=186–}}</ref>
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[[Category:Sites along the Silk Road]]