Thomas Bilson: Difference between revisions

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===Years under the Tudors (1547–1603)===
According to the original 'Dictionary of the National Biography' (founded in 1882 by George Smith and edited by both [[Sir Leslie Stephen]] who was Virginia Woolf's father, and [[Sir Sidney Lee]]) Thomas Bilson was the eldest son of Herman Bilson, grandson of Arnold Bilson, whose wife is said to have been a daughter of the Duke of Bavaria. Later editions highlight that [[William Twisse]] was a nephew.<ref name="scionofzion">{{cite web|url=|title=The Qualifications of the King James Translators||accessdate=12 April 2014}}</ref><ref name="1858KJV">[ Alexander McClure. ''The Translators Revived'' 1858.]</ref><ref name="go-newfocus">{{cite web|url=|archive-url= |archive-date=2007-11-09 |dead-url=yes|title=New Focus &#124; That the purpose of God according to election might stand|accessdate=12 April 2014}}</ref> Bilson was educated at the twin foundations of William de Wykeham, [[Winchester College]] and [[New College, Oxford]].<ref>''Concise Dictionary of National Biography''</ref> He began to distinguish himself as a poet until, on receiving ordination, he gave himself wholly to theological studies. He was soon made Prebendary of Winchester, and headmaster of the College there until 1579 and Warden from 1581 to 1596.<ref name="british-history">{{cite web|url=|title=Winchester – St Mary's College &#124; A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 5 (pp. 14–19)||accessdate=12 April 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last1=Kirby |first1=Thomas Frederick |title=Winchester scholars. A list of the wardens, fellows, and scholars of Saint Mary college of Winchester, near Winchester, commonly called Winchester college |date=1888 |publisher=H. Frowde |location=London |url=}}</ref> His pupils there included [[John Owen (epigrammatist)|John Owen]], and [[Thomas James]], whom he influenced in the direction of [[patristics]].<ref>Mordechai Feingold, ''History of Universities, Volume XXII/1'' (2007), p. 23.</ref> In 1596, he was made [[Bishop of Worcester]], where he found [[Warwick]] uncomfortably full of [[Recusancy|recusant]] Roman Catholics.<ref>[[Patrick Collinson]], ''The Elizabethan Puritan Movement'' (1982), p. 441.</ref><ref>Anthony Boden, Denis Stevens, ''Thomas Tomkins: The Last Elizabethan'' (2005), p. 73.</ref> For appointment in 1597 to the wealthy [[Diocese of Winchester|see of Winchester]], he paid a £400 annuity to [[Elizabeth I of England|Elizabeth I]].<ref>[[Hugh Trevor-Roper]], ''William Laud'' (2000 edition) p. 11.</ref>
As the Bishop of Winchester, Thomas Bilson would have resided at Winchester Palace, where today in Clink Street, Southwark, London SE1 – there is only one remaining wall of the palace – with a magnificent rose window measuring thirteen feet across. However, back in the sixteenth century, Winchester Palace was a splendorous site and would have looked very similar to the waterfront house of 'Sir Robert De Lesseps' depicted in the film '''Shakespeare in Love'''. The 700&nbsp;acre Bishoprick 'see' and jurisdiction of the Bishop of Winchester included an area known as – 'The Liberty of Clink' Southwark, Bankside – which in addition to having a prison ('The Clink') also provided the site of many of the major theatres of the day, namely: