Constitutio Antoniniana: Difference between revisions

Another goal may have been to increase the number of men able to serve in the legions, as only full citizens could serve as [[legionaries]] in the [[military history of the Roman Empire|Roman Army]]. In scholarly interpretations that followed a model of moral degeneration as the reason for the fall of the Roman Empire, notably the model followed by [[Edward Gibbon]], the edict came at the cost to the [[Auxiliaries (Roman military)|auxiliaries]], which primarily consisted of non-citizen men, and led to [[barbarization]] of the Roman military{{Citation needed|date=October 2009}}.
 
Additionally, before the edict, one of the main ways to acquire Roman citizenship was to enlist in the [[Roman Army]], the completion of service in which would give the citizenship to the discharged soldier. The edict may have made enlistment in the army less attractive to most, henceand perhaps the recruiting difficulties of the Roman army by the end of the 3rd century were related to this {{Citation needed|date=November 2009}}.
 
In the analyses of more recent scholars, the ''Constitutio Antoniniana'' marks a major milestone in the provincialisation of Roman law, meaning that the gap between private law in the provinces and private law in Italy narrowed. This is because, in granting citizenship to all men in the provinces, much private law had to be re-written to conform with the law that applied to Roman citizens in Rome. To these scholars, it therefore also marks the beginning of a process by which imperial constitutions became the primary source of Roman law.<ref>{{cite book|title=Laws' Empire: Roman Universalism and Legal Practice|last=|first=|date=2013|publisher=Edinburgh University Press|year=|isbn=9780748668175|location=Edinburgh|page=87|pages=|language=English|via=|author1=Caroline Humfress|book-title=New Frontiers: Law and Society in the Roman|editor1-last=du Plessis|editor1-first=Paul}}</ref>
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