Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches: Difference between revisions

Filled in 2 bare reference(s) with reFill ()
(Added {{linkrot}} tag to article (TW))
(Filled in 2 bare reference(s) with reFill ())
{{Canon Law}}The '''Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches''' (Latin: '''''Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium''''',<ref>[http://www.intratext.com/IXT/LAT0758/ IntraText], accessed Jan-10-2013</ref> abbreviated '''CCEO''') is the title of the 1990 codification of the common portions of the [[Canon law (Catholic Church)|Canon Law]] for the 23 [[Eastern Catholic churches]] in the [[Catholic Church]]. It is divided into 30 titles and has a total of 1540 canons.<ref>Pete Vere & Michael Trueman, "Surprised by Canon Law, Vol. 2" (Cincinnati, Ohio: Servant Books, 2007); pgp. 123</ref> The Western [[Latin Church]] is guided by its own particular Canons.
{{linkrot|date=July 2018}}
{{Canon Law}}The '''Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches''' (Latin: '''''Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium''''',<ref>[http://www.intratext.com/IXT/LAT0758/ IntraText], accessed Jan-10-2013</ref> abbreviated '''CCEO''') is the title of the 1990 codification of the common portions of the [[Canon law (Catholic Church)|Canon Law]] for the 23 [[Eastern Catholic churches]] in the [[Catholic Church]]. It is divided into 30 titles and has a total of 1540 canons.<ref>Pete Vere & Michael Trueman, "Surprised by Canon Law, Vol. 2" (Cincinnati, Ohio: Servant Books, 2007); pg. 123</ref> The Western [[Latin Church]] is guided by its own particular Canons.
 
The 23 ''[[sui iuris]]'' Churches which collectively make up the [[Eastern Catholic Churches]] have been invited by the Catholic Church to codify their own particular laws and submit them to the [[pope]] so that there may be a full, complete Code of all religious law within Catholicism. Pope [[John Paul II]] promulgated Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches on October 18, 1990, by the document ''Sacri Canones''.<ref>''AAS''82 (1990) pp. 1033-1063</ref> The Code came into force of law on October 1, 1991.<ref>Dr. Thomas Kuzhinapurath, ''Salvific Law: Salvific Character of CCEO, An Historical Overview'', Malankara Seminary Publications, Trivandrum, 2008, p.79</ref>
 
In 1998, [[Pope John Paul II]] issued the [[motu proprio]] ''[Ad Tuendam Fidem'',<ref>http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/motu_proprio/documents/hf_jp-ii_motu-proprio_30061998_ad-tuendam-fidem_en.html Ad Tuendam Fidem]'',</ref> which amended two canons (750 and 1371) of the [[1983 Code of Canon Law]] and two canons (598 and 1436) of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, so as to add "new norms which expressly impose the obligation of upholding truths proposed in a definitive way by the Magisterium of the Church, and which also establish related canonical sanctions."
 
== Titles ==
=== Churches Sui Iuris and Rites ===
{{Eastern Catholicism }}
A church sui iuris is "a community of the Christian faithful, which is joined together by a hierarchy according to the norm of law and which is expressly or tacitly recognised as sui iuris by the supreme authority of the Church" (CCEO.27) . The term sui iuris is an innovation of CCEO (Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium - Code of Canons of the Oriental Churches) and denotes the relative autonomy of the Oriental Catholic Churches. This canonical term, pregnant with many juridical nuances, indicates the God-given mission of the Oriental Catholic Churches to preserve their patrimonial autonomous nature. The autonomy of these churches is relative in the sense that they are under the authority of the [[Bishop of Rome]].<ref name="scribd.com">[{{cite web|url=https://www.scribd.com/doc/2057012/Malankara-Catholic-Church-sui-iuris-Juridical-Status-and-Power-of-Governance]|title=Malankara Catholic Church sui iuris: Juridical Status and Power of Governance - Eastern Christianity - Religious Organizations|website=Scribd|accessdate=8 July 2018}}</ref>
 
For a better understanding of the concept of church sui iuris see, Žužek, ''Understanding The Eastern Code'', pp.&nbsp;94–109. “Una Chiesa Orientale cattolica è una parte della Chiesa Universale che vive la fede in modo corrispondente ad una delle cinque grandi tradizioni orientali- Alessandrina, Antiochena, Costantinopolitina, Caldea, Armena- e che contiene o è almeno capace di contenere, come sue componenti minori, più comunità diocesane gerarchicamente riunite sotto la guida di un capo comune legittimamente eletto e in comunione con Roma, il quale con il proprio Sinodo costituisce la superiore istanza per tutti gli affari di carattere amministrativo, legislativo e giudiziario delle stesse Communità, nell'ambito del diritto comune a tutte le Chiese, determinato nei Canoni sanciti dai Concili Ecumenici o del Romano Pontefice, sempre preservando il diritto di quest'ultimo di intervenire nei singoli casi” pp.&nbsp;103–104.<ref>[{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N09OAAAAYAAJ&q=%22quale+con+il+proprio+Sinodo+costituisce+la+superiore%22 |title=Österreichisches Archiv für Kirchenrecht,|date=8 VolumeJuly 43,1994|publisher=Herder|accessdate=8 pg.156]July 2018|via=Google Books}}</ref><ref name="scribd.com"/> A rough translation of this may be rendered "An Eastern Catholic Church is on part of the Universal Church in which lives the faith in a corresponding manner to one of the five great Eastern Traditions - Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, Chalcedon, Armenian - and which contains or is capable of containing, as its small marts, more community specific diocesan rule and the guide of a legitimately elected head of the community and in Communion with Rome, in which, with its own Synod, constitutes the highest law for all those affairs of an administrative character, legislative and guiding of its own community, in the aim of the direction common to all the Church, determined in the Holy Canons of the Ecumenical Councils or of the Roman Pontiff, always preserving the direction of the latter in individual cases."
 
According to the CCEO the Oriental Catholic Churches sui iuris are of four categories: