Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Station: Difference between revisions

→‎Early reactors: Cleaned up a reference and other matters.
(→‎Further reading: Cleaned up a reference.)
(→‎Early reactors: Cleaned up a reference and other matters.)
Two earlier reactors were constructed at Beloyarsk: an AMB-100 reactor (operational 1964–1983) and an AMB-200 reactor (operational 1967–1989).
Both were [[supercritical water reactor]]s; the first unit used 67 tons of Uraniumuranium enriched to 1.8%, while the second unit used 50 tons of Uraniumuranium enriched to 3.0%. The first unit had an indirect steam cycle, while the second had a direct one.<ref name="Kingery2011b">{{cite book|editors=Steven B Krivit; Jay H Lehr; Thomas B Kingery|title=Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia: Science, Technology, and Applications|year=2011|publisher=Wiley|isbn=978-1-118-04347-9|pages=318–319}}</ref>
Although they were comparable in power to the [[Shippingport Atomic Power Station]], the Soviet planners regarded the Beloyarsk reactors as prototypes.<ref name="Josephson2005"/> Their main novelty was the use of superheated steam ran through a standard turbine thus resulting in a better efficiency compared to the earlier [[Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant]] pilot plant. The first Beloyarsk unit produced about 285&nbsp;MW heat of which about 100&nbsp;MW were converted to electricity.<ref name="Josephson2005">{{cite book|author=Paul R. Josephson|title=Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today |url= |year=2005|publisher=University of Pittsburgh Pre|isbn=978-0-8229-7847-3|page=28}}</ref> The second unit, which used two turbines, had a similar conversion efficiency of about 36%.<ref name="Kingery2011b"/>
== Later reactors ==