Shaksgam River: Difference between revisions

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Adding infobox
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{{coord|36|05|N|76|39|E|display=title}}
{{Infobox river
| name = Shaksgam River
| image =
| image_size =
| image_alt =
| image_caption =
| map =
| map_size =
| map_alt =
| map_caption =
| pushpin_map = Gilgit Baltistan
| pushpin_map_caption= Location of the mouth with respect to [[Gilgit-Baltistan]]
| pushpin_relief = 1
| source1 = Karakoram range
| source1_location = Gasherbrum Glaciers
| source1_elevation =
| source1_coordinates= {{coord|35.62603|N|77.300913|E}}
| mouth_location = [[Yarkand River]]
| mouth_coordinates = {{coord|36.626697|N|76.202991|E}}
| mouth_elevation =
| progression =
| basin_landmarks =
| location =
| subdivision_type1 = Country
| subdivision_name1 = [[India]] (disputed), [[China]]
| subdivision_type2 = Provinces
| subdivision_name2 = [[Jammu and Kashmir]], [[Xinjiang]]
| length =
| discharge1_avg =
| basin_size =
| river_system =
| tributaries_left =
| tributaries_right =
}}
The '''Shaksgam River''' ({{zh|c=沙克斯干河|p=Shakesigan He}}, {{lang-hi|शक्सगाम नदी}}, {{lang-ur|دریائے شکسگام}}) is a left tributary of the [[Yarkand River]]. The river is also known as the '''Kelechin River''' and '''Muztagh River'''.<ref name=ibs>[http://www.law.fsu.edu/library/collection/LimitsinSeas/IBS085.pdf US Bureau of Intelligence and Research ''International Boundary Study No. 85'' (1968)] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120211132925/http://www.law.fsu.edu/library/collection/LimitsinSeas/IBS085.pdf |date=2012-02-11 }}</ref> It rises in the Gasherbrum, Urdok, Staghar, Singhi and Kyagar Glaciers in the [[Karakoram]].<ref>[http://www.itia.ntua.gr/hsj/redbooks/138/iahs_138_0259.pdf Hewitt, K. (1982) ''Natural dams and outburst floods of the Karakoram Himalaya''] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110721082835/http://itia.ntua.gr/hsj/redbooks/138/iahs_138_0259.pdf |date=2011-07-21 }}</ref> It then flows in a general northwestern direction parallel to the Karakoram ridge line in the [[Shaksgam Valley]]. The river valley was explored in 1889 by [[Francis Younghusband]] (who referred to the Shaksgam as the Oprang).,<ref>{{Cite book
| last = Younghusband
| isbn = }}</ref>
 
The upper river valley is used by climbers approaching the north face of [[K2 (mountain)#North Ridge|K2]]. The approach requires a crossing of the river, which is hazardous. Between its confluence with the Shimshal Braldu River and its confluence with the Oprang River the river forms the border between China and [[Gilgit-Baltistan|Pakistan-administered Kashmir]].<ref name=ibs/> The area is used as winter pastures by yak herdsmen from the village of [[Shimshal]], and is the only part of Pakistan in the [[Tarim Basin]].<ref>[http://www.mockandoneil.com/stg-rpt.htm 2000 Mock & O'Neil Oprang Expedition Report]</ref>
 
Administratively, the Chinese part of the valley is within the southernmost portions of [[Yarkand County]] (the source) and the [[Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County]] (lower course).