Else Hirsch: Difference between revisions

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Disambiguating links to British Mandate of Palestine (link changed to Mandatory Palestine) using DisamAssist.
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m (Disambiguating links to British Mandate of Palestine (link changed to Mandatory Palestine) using DisamAssist.)
Born in [[Bützow]], [[Schwerin]], Hirsch came from Berlin to Bochum at the end of 1926 and lived with her mother. She had taken an exam to qualify as a teacher of older children, but was unemployed and was assigned (and required) to teach at the Jewish school. She was initially less than pleased with this but soon threw herself into her work.<ref name="city">[http://www.bochum.de/C125708500379A31/vwContentByKey/W27FWG9W912BOLDDE Biography of Else Hirsch]. City of Bochum official website. Retrieved 24 April 2010 {{de icon}}</ref> In her free time, Hirsch worked at the Bochum Jewish Women's Club and gave Hebrew lessons to girls until these activities were stopped by the Nazis in autumn 1933.<ref name="city" /><ref name="Finketal">Karin Finkbohner, Betti Helbing, Carola Horn, Anita Krämer, Astrid Schmidt-Ritter, Kathy Vowe. ''Wider das Vergessen — Widerstand und Verfolgung Bochumer Frauen und Zwangsarbeiterinnen 1933 – 1945'', pgs. 62-63. Europäischer Universitätsverlag; {{ISBN|978-3-932329-62-3}} {{de icon}}</ref>
 
In October 1937, she took a course in English at the [[Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden]] in Berlin to be able to give English lessons to those who might be able to emigrate. She travelled to [[British Mandate ofMandatory Palestine|Palestine]] in June 1938.<ref name="Finketal" />
 
On 11 November 1938, [[Reichskristallnacht]], the Bochum synagogue was burned down.<ref>[http://www.vosizneias.com/13238/2007/12/16/bochum-germany-new-synagogue/ "Bochum, Germany - New synagogue Inaugurated Nearly 70 Years After Kristallnacht"]. ''The Voice of the Orthodox Jewish Community'' (16 December 2007). Retrieved 24 April 2010</ref> The Jewish school was also destroyed by the [[Sturmabteilung|SA]]. Afterward, all of the official representatives of the Jewish community were deported. Hirsch fought to have the school reopened, but it stayed open only for a short while.<ref name="city" /> Hirsch began to organize transports for children and adolescents in arrangement with the Jewish Reichsvertretung. Between December 1938 and August 1939, she organized ten [[Kindertransport|children's transport]]s to the Netherlands and England.<ref name="city" /><ref name="Finketal" /> Hirsch took care of all the travel preparations, filling out lengthy forms, registering the children, gathering required documents, sending papers to London, securing exit visas, reserving seating on the trains, buying the tickets and staying in close touch with the parents.<ref name="city" />