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Kingsolver began her full-time writing career in the mid-1980s as a science writer for the university, which eventually led to some freelance feature writing, including many cover stories for the local alternative weekly, the Tucson Weekly.<ref name="At Lunch"/><ref name="Listen Here"/> She began her career in fiction writing after winning a short story contest in a local Phoenix newspaper.<ref name="At Lunch"/> In 1985, she married Joseph Hoffmann; their daughter Camille was born in 1987.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.enotes.com/contemporary-literary-criticism/kingsolver-barbara|title=Barbara Kingsolver|work= eNotes|accessdate=May 18, 2010}}</ref><ref name="official site">{{cite web|url=http://www.kingsolver.com/biography|title=Barbara Kingsolver Brief Biography|format=Biography|work=Barbara Kingsolver's official website|accessdate=2010-05-12}}</ref>
 
She moved with her daughter to [[Tenerife]] in the [[Canary Islands]] for a year during the first [[Gulf war]], mostly due to frustration over America's military involvement.<ref name="Telegraph">{{cite news|url=httphttps://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/6606679/Barbara-Kingsolver-Interview.html|title=Barbara Kingsolver: Interview|last=Leonard|first=Tom|format=Interview|work=[[The Daily Telegraph]]|publisher=Telegraph Media Group|date=November 20, 2009|accessdate=May 12, 2010|location=London, UK|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100618214901/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/6606679/Barbara-Kingsolver-Interview.html|archivedate=June 18, 2010|deadurl=no}}</ref> After returning to the US in 1992, she separated from her husband.<ref name="official site"/>
 
In 1994, Kingsolver was awarded an Honorary [[Doctor of Letters|Doctorate of Letters]] from her [[alma mater]], DePauw University.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.depauw.edu/news/?id=25211|title=Barbara Kingsolver '77 is Finalist for Britain's Orange Prize|work=DePauw University News|date=April 20, 2010|accessdate=May 3, 2010}}</ref> In the same year, she married Steven Hopp, an ornithologist, and their daughter, Lily, was born in 1996.<ref name="Novel as Indictment"/> In 2004, Kingsolver moved with her family to a farm in [[Washington County, Virginia]], where they currently reside.<ref name="Novel as Indictment"/> In 2008, she received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from [[Duke University]], where she delivered a commencement address entitled "How to be Hopeful".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.dukenews.duke.edu/2008/05/kingsolver.html|title=How to be Hopeful|last=Kingsolver|first=Barbara|format=Speech|publisher=[[Duke University]]|date=May 11, 2008|accessdate=May 3, 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100511142111/http://www.dukenews.duke.edu/2008/05/kingsolver.html|archivedate=May 11, 2010|deadurl=yes|df=}}</ref>
 
===Local-eating experiment===
Starting in April 2005, she and her family spent a year making every effort to eat food produced as locally as possible.<ref name="Good for You"/> Living on their farm in rural Virginia, they grew much of their own food, and obtained most of the rest from their neighbors and other local farmers.<ref>{{cite web|url=httphttps://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=9891473|title=Back to Basics: Kingsolver Clan Lives off Land: NPR|last=Neary|first=Lynn|work=National Public Radio|date=April 29, 2007|accessdate=May 3, 2010}}</ref> Kingsolver, her husband and her elder daughter chronicled their experiences that year in the book ''[[Animal, Vegetable, Miracle]]''. Although exceptions were made for staple ingredients which were not available locally, such as coffee and olive oil, the family grew vegetables, raised livestock, made cheese and preserved much of their harvest.<ref name="Good for You"/><ref>{{cite book|title=Animal, Vegetable, Miracle|last=Kingsolver|first=Barbara|author2=Hopp, Steven|author3=Kingsolver, Camille|year=2006|publisher=HarperCollins}}</ref>
 
==Writing career==