Eudoxus of Cnidus: Difference between revisions

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[[Aristotle]], in the ''[[The Nicomachean Ethics]]'',<ref>Largely in Book Ten.</ref> attributes to Eudoxus an argument in favor of [[hedonism]], that—that is, that pleasure is the ultimate good that activity strives for. According to Aristotle, Eudoxus put forward the following arguments for this position:
# All things, rational and irrational, aim at pleasure; things aim at what they believe to be good; a good indication of what the chief good is would be the thing that most things aim at.
# Similarly, pleasure's opposite − pain − isopposite—pain—is universally avoided, which provides additional support for the idea that pleasure is universally considered good.
# People don't seek pleasure as a means to something else, but as an end in its own right.
# Any other good that you can think of would be better if pleasure were added to it, and it is only by good that good can be increased.