9th Street station (PATH): Difference between revisions

(update ridership)
In keeping with the "style" of PATH station entrances in Manhattan, the Ninth Street entrance is in the side of a building on the east side of Sixth Avenue. Passengers travel down a number of stairwells and through a narrow curved tunnel before descending to the north end of the platform. This underground station has two tracks and a center [[island platform]]. It is located under Christopher Street, just South/West of where the PATH tracks curve under 6th Avenue. The [[IND Sixth Avenue Line]]'s local tracks are to the east of the PATH tracks, and the express tracks underneath, and are not visible from this station.<ref name="tracks">{{NYCS const|trackref|trackbook3}}</ref> Just east of the station, the tracks curve north onto Sixth Avenue, while the tunnel continues straight, a provision for a [[level junction]] with a never-built branch line that would have run to [[Astor Place (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)|Astor Place]] on the [[IRT Lexington Avenue Line]]. The [[Bellmouth (railroad terminology)|bellmouth]] for the proposed Astor Place connection north of this station runs for about 250 feet. Large portions of the ring erecting machine from the original tunnel construction is in the bellmouth for the proposed extension, and the tunnel is also filled with equipment.
 
==History==
The station opened on February 25, 1908. Until 1941 there was an exit on the west side of Sixth Avenue between Waverly Place and Greenwich Avenue, currently a newsstand.
The construction of the 9th Street station was particularly difficult. In 1900, construction workers for the [[Hudson and Manhattan Railroad]] (H&M), the PATH's predecessor, had to navigate [[quicksand]] formed from the water of the former [[Minetta Creek]] above it. Their work was particularly difficult as they could not break the surface of Sixth Avenue, which would have disrupted traffic.<ref>{{cite journal |first=J. Vipond |last=Davies |title=The Hudson and Manhattan Tunnel System | journal=Railroad Age Gazette |volume=47 |date=October 1, 1909 | via=HathiTrust | url=https://hdl.handle.net/2027/njp.32101049000761?urlappend=%3Bseq=620 | access-date=February 13, 2018 |page=585}}</ref> In 1907, the Degnon Contracting Company was building an extension to the H&M Railroad north of 9th Street and declared the water to have dried up, to the relief of area property owners who had previously spent thousands of dollars on pumps to rid their properties of water.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://fultonhistory.com/highlighter/highlight-for-xml?altUrl=http%3A%2F%2Ffultonhistory.com%2FNewspaper%252024%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%25201907%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%25201907%252009-13%2520Page%25205.pdf|title=Who Stole the Creek?|work=New York Tribune|date=September 13, 1907|access-date=February 13, 2018|page=5|via=Fultonhistory.com}}</ref>
 
The station opened on February 25, 1908, as part of the H&M extension between New Jersey and [[33rd Street station (PATH)|33rd Street]].<ref>{{cite news | title=TROLLEY TUNNEL OPEN TO JERSEY; President Turns On Power for First Official Train Between This City and Hoboken. REGULAR SERVICE STARTS Passenger Trains Between the Two Cities Begin Running at Midnight. EXERCISES OVER THE RIVER Govs. Hughes and Fort Make Congratulatory Addresses -- Dinner at Sherry's in the Evening. | work=The New York Times | date=February 26, 1908 | url=http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9507E2D81F3EE233A25755C2A9649C946997D6CF | access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref> Until 1941 there was an exit on the west side of Sixth Avenue between Waverly Place and Greenwich Avenue, currently a newsstand.
 
After the [[September 11, 2001 attacks]], which resulted in the destruction of the vital [[World Trade Center (PATH station)|World Trade Center]] station, Ninth Street experienced serious overcrowding. In 2002, Ninth Street was used by an average of 8,900 people per day, about 3.248 million per annum. This was 54% higher than the 1.496 million passengers that utilized this station in 2001. While a new station near the World Trade Center has since reopened, the Port Authority plans to build a second entrance (pending environmental review) at this station, despite local opposition to the project.<ref>{{cite news |last=Carucci |first=Lisa |title=PATH plan for new Village entrance is still on track |newspaper=The Villager |date=December 1, 2004 |url=http://www.thevillager.com/villager_83/pahtplanfornewvillage.html |accessdate=2009-08-16}}</ref> Residents are concerned that the project will endanger the surrounding neighborhood's fragile historic buildings (through the vibrations that major construction would cause) and disrupt business and traffic in the Village.