His name Eudoxus means "honored" or "of good repute" (in [[Ancient Greek]] εὔδοξος, from ''eu'' "good" and ''doxa'' "opinion, belief, fame"). It is analogous to the Latin name [[Benedictus]].
Eudoxus's father Aeschines of [[Cnidus]] loved to watch stars at night. Eudoxus first travelled to [[Taranto|Tarentum]] to study with [[Archytas]], from whom he learned [[mathematics]]. While in [[Italy]], Eudoxus visited [[Sicily]], where he studied medicine with [[Philistion of Locri|Philiston]].