Bad Frankenhausen: Difference between revisions

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Frankenhausen was first attested as a [[Franks|Frankish]] settlement in the 9th century in deeds of the [[Abbey of Fulda]]. It received [[German town law|town privileges]] in 1282 and from 1340 on was part of the [[County of Schwarzburg]].
 
On 15 May 15, 1525 it was the location of the [[Battle of Frankenhausen]], one of the last great battles of the [[German Peasants' War]], when the insurgent peasants under [[Thomas Müntzer]] were defeated by troops of the allied [[George, Duke of Saxony|Duke George of Saxony]], [[Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse|Landgrave Philip I of Hesse]] and [[Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|Duke Henry V of Brunswick-Lüneburg]]. Müntzer was captured, tortured and finally [[Decapitation|beheaded]] at [[Mühlhausen]] on May 27 May.
 
With the partition of Schwarzburg County in 1599, Frankenhausen became the capital of the ''Unterherrschaft'' subdivision of the County of [[Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt]], which in 1710 was raised to a [[principality]]. [[Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg|Prince Günther Victor]] was the last German monarch to abdicate, on November 23 November (as Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt) and November 25, November 1918 (as Prince of [[Schwarzburg-Sondershausen]]). The succeeding short-lived Free State of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt merged into the newly created Thuringia in 1920.
 
Since 1818 a [[saline water]] well that had been used for centuries to extract salt has been used for [[saline (medicine)|saline]] baths and medical purposes. Therefore in 1927 Frankenhausen received the official title of a spa town (''Bad''). In the 19th century the town was also famous for the manufacture of [[Nacre|pearl buttons]]. Today it mainly depends on tourism and spa vacation.
 
=== Population Development since 1994 ===
Population as of Dec 31 December unless otherwise noted:<ref>[http://www.statistik.thueringen.de/seite.asp?aktiv=dat01&startbei=datenbank/default2.asp Datenquelle: Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik]</ref>
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Based on [[Friedrich Engels]]' 1850 book ''[[The Peasant War in Germany]]'', Thomas Müntzer as an early revolutionary became an icon of [[historical materialism]] in [[East Germany]]. At the 450-years jubilee of the battle, the [[Socialist Unity Party of Germany]] (''SED'') charged the rector of the [[Leipzig|Leipzig Academy of Visual Arts]], Professor [[Werner Tübke]], with the creation of a monumental panorama painting: ''[[Early Bourgeois Revolution in Germany]]'', also known as the ''Peasants' War Panorama''. The work in a specially erected [[Rotunda (architecture)|rotunda]] was finished in 1987. It is 123&nbsp;m/404&nbsp;ft in length and 14&nbsp;m/46&nbsp;ft in height and depicts more than 3000 individuals.
 
Despite the [[Politburo]]'s plans modelled on the [[Battle of Borodino]] panorama at [[Poklonnaya Hill]] in [[Moscow]], Tübke realised a rather pessimistic vision of a resigned Müntzer standing alone among battling troops, a [[Bundschuh movement|Bundschuh]] flag on the ground at his side. The Panorama was inaugurated by [[Kurt Hager]] and [[Margot Honecker]] as deputy for her husband on September 14, September 1989, thus eight weeks before the fall of the [[Berlin Wall]].
Today the ''Panorama Museum'' displays art shows and a collection of works of contemporary international artist.
 
* [[Nils Schumann]] (born 1978), track and field athlete and Olympic 800 m champion
* [[Dapayk]] (born 1978), producer and label owner
* [[Eva Padberg]], (born 1980), fashion model, born January 27, January 1980 in Bad Frankenhausen.
 
== Twin town ==
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