Hermann Bonitz: Difference between revisions

Specific EB1911 attribution using AWB
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[[Image:Hermann Bonitz - Imagines philologorum.jpg|thumb|right|Hermann Bonitz]]
'''Hermann Bonitz''' (29 July 1814{{snd}}25 July 1888), German scholar, was born at [[Langensalza]] in [[Prussian Saxony]].
Having studied at the [[University of Leipzig]] under [[Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann|G. Hermann]] and at [[University of Berlin|Berlin]] under [[Philipp August Böckh|Böckh]] and [[Karl Konrad Friedrich Wilhelm Lachmann|Lachmann]], he became successively teacher at the [[Blochmann-Institut]] in [[Dresden]] (1836), ''Oberlehrer'' at the [[Friedrich- Wilhelm- Gymnasium]] (1838) and the [[Graues Kloster]] (1840) in Berlin, professor at the gymnasium at [[Szczecin|Stettin (Szczecin)]] (1842), professor at the [[University of Vienna]] (1849), member of the [[Imperial Academy]]{{dndisambiguation needed|date=March 2017}} (1854), member of the council of education (1864), and director of the [[Evangelisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster|Graues-Kloster-Gymnasium]] (1867). He retired in 1888, and died in that year at Berlin.<ref name="EB1911">{{EB1911|inline=y|wstitle=Bonitz, Hermann|volume=4|pages=208-209}}</ref>
He took great interest in higher education, and was chiefly responsible for the system of teaching and examination in use in the high schools of [[Prussia]] after 1882. But it is as a commentator on [[Plato]] and [[Aristotle]] that he is best known outside Germany. His most important works in this connection are:
*''Über den Ursprung der homerischen Gedichte'' (5th edition, 1881).
*''Beiträge zur Erklärung des Thukydides'' (1854), ''des Sophokles'' (1856–57).
He also wrote largely on classical and educational subjects, mainly for the ''[[Zeitschrift für die österreichischen Gymnasien]]''.<ref name="EB1911"/>
A full list of his writings is given in the obituary notice by [[Theodor Gomperz]] in the ''Biographisches Jahrbuch fr Altertumskunde'' (1890).<ref name="EB1911"/>
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