Swimming Reindeer: Difference between revisions

"Swimming Reindeer" should not be italicized -- see MOS:VATITLE: "archaeological artefacts, which are not italicised in any context"
m (Replace magic links with templates per local RfC - BRFA)
("Swimming Reindeer" should not be italicized -- see MOS:VATITLE: "archaeological artefacts, which are not italicised in any context")
{{italic title}}
{{Infobox artefact
| name = ''Swimming Reindeer''
| image = [[File:Sleeping Reindeer 3 2918856445 7d66cc4796 o.jpg|290px]]
| image_caption = The 13,000-year-old ''Swimming Reindeer'' sculpture
| material = Mammoth ivory
| size = 207 mm long
}}
 
The '''''Swimming Reindeer''''' is the name given to a 13,000-year-old [[Magdalenian]] sculpture of two swimming reindeer conserved in the [[British Museum]]. The sculpture was made in France by an unknown artist who carved the artwork from the tip of a [[mammoth]] tusk. The sculpture was found in two pieces in 1866, but it was not until the early 20th century that [[Henri Breuil|Abbé Henri Breuil]] realised that the two pieces fit together to form a single sculpture of two reindeer swimming nose-to-tail.<ref name="brad"/>
 
==Discovery==
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{{wide image|Sleeping Reindeer - horizontal.jpg|1000px|The male reindeer is on the left, the female is to the right.}}
The sculpture shows a female reindeer closely followed by a larger male reindeer. The larger male is indicated by his size, antlers and genitals, whilst the female has her teats modelled. The reindeer are thought to be swimming in illustration of the migration of deer that would have taken place each autumn. It is known that it would be autumn as both reindeer are shown with antlers, and only during autumn do both male and female reindeer have antlers.<ref name=trans>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/about/transcripts/episode4/ Transcript of Episode 4], ''History of the World in 100 Objects'', BBC, accessed 9 August 2010</ref> At this time of year reindeer would be much easier to hunt, and the meat, skin and antlers would be at their best.<ref name="ahotw">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/DyfP6g6dRN6WdwdnbIVbPw Swimming Reindeer], bbc.co.uk, accessed 2 August 2010</ref> Each of the reindeer has been marked with a [[burin]] to show different colouring and texture in the deer's coat. Oddly there are ten deeper cuts on each side of the back of the leading female reindeer. These may have been intended to indicate coloured markings, but their purpose is unclear.<ref name=bm>[https://www.britishmuseum.org/whats_on/past_exhibitions/2010/archive_swimming_reindeer.aspx ''Swimming reindeer''], British Museum, accessed 3 June 2010</ref>:
an Ice Age masterpiece], British Museum, accessed 3 June 2010</ref>
 
Former Director of the British Museum [[Neil MacGregor]] says of the manufacturing process: