Hedjet: Difference between revisions

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[[File:Hedjet.svg|thumb|Hedjet, the Whitewhite Crowncrown of Upper Egypt]]
{{Hiero|Hedjet<br/>''ḥḏt''|<hiero>S1</hiero>|align=right|era=egypt}}
'''Hedjet''' (''{{lang|egy-Latn|ḥḏt}}'') is the formal name for the Whitewhite Crowncrown of [[Pharaoh|pharaonic]] [[Upper Egypt]]. The crown was white and, afterAfter the unification of [[Ancient Egypt|Egypt]], it was combined with the [[Deshretdeshret]], the Redred Crowncrown of [[Lower Egypt]], to form the [[Pschentpschent]], the Doubledouble Crowncrown of Egypt. The symbol sometimes used for the Hedjethedjet was the vulture goddess [[Nekhbet]] shown next to the head of the cobra goddess [[Wadjet]], the [[Uraeusuraeus]] on the [[Pschentpschent]].<ref>Arthur Maurice Hocart, ''The Life-Giving Myth'', Routledge 2004, p.209</ref>
 
== History ==
The white crown, along with the red crown, has a long history with each of their respective representations going back into the [[History of ancient Egypt#Predynastic period|Predynastic Period]], indicating that kingship had been the base of Egyptian society for some time. The earliest image of the Hedjet was thought to have been in the Qustul in Nubia. According to Jane Roy, "New evidence from Abydos, however, particularly the excavation of Cemetery U and the tome U-j, dating to Naqada IIIA has shown that this iconography appears earlier in Egypt.<ref name=Roy>{{cite book|last1=Roy|first1=Jane|title=The Politics of Trade:Egypt and Lower Nubia in the 4th Millennium BC|date=February 2011|publisher=Brill|isbn=9789004196117|page=215|url=https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=9En6tzUJCXkC&pg=PA215&lpg=PA215&dq=white+crown+incense+burner+from+Cemetery+at+Qustul&source=bl&ots=KwMLLUQEkH&sig=zfnyeei7Zv9AMpHc4WP1P4wjvRg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CEcQ6AEwCGoVChMIvZn7sb-UxgIVoRbbCh1CnADk#v=onepage&q=white%20crown%20incense%20burner%20from%20Cemetery%20at%20Qustul&f=false|accessdate=16 June 2015}}</ref>
 
[[Nekhbet]], the tutelary goddess of Nekhebet (modern el Kab) near Hierakonpolis, was depicted as a woman, sometimes with the head of a vulture, wearing the Whitewhite Crowncrown.<ref>Cherine Badawi, ''Egypt'', 2004, p.550</ref> The falcon god [[Horus]] of [[Hierakonpolis]] (Egyptian: Nekhen) was generally shown wearing a Whitewhite Crowncrown.<ref>Toby A. H. Wilkinson, ''Early Dynastic Egypt'', Routledge 1999, p.285</ref> A famous depiction of the Whitewhite Crowncrown is on the [[Narmer Palettepalette]] found at Hierakonpolis in which the king of the South wearing the ''hedjet'' is shown triumphing over his northern enemies. The kings of the united Egypt saw themselves as successors of Horus. Vases from the reign of Khasekhemwy show the king as Horus wearing the Whitewhite Crowncrown.<ref>Jill Kamil, ''The Ancient Egyptians: Life in the Old Kingdom'', American Univ in Cairo Press 1996, p.61</ref>
 
As with the [[Deshret]] (Redred Crowncrown), no example of the Whitewhite Crowncrown has survivedbeen found. It is unknown how it was constructed and what materials were used. [[Felt]] or leather have been suggested, but this is purely speculative. Like the deshret, the hedjet may have been woven like a basket from plant fiber such as grass, straw, palm leaf, or reed. The fact that no crown has ever been found, even in relatively intact tombs (such as that of king [[Tutankhamun]]), suggests the crown may have been passed from one regent to the next, much as in present-day monarchies.
 
<gallery>
File:NarmerPalette-CloseUpOfNarmer-ROM.png|[[Early Dynastic Period of Egypt|Early Dynastic]] usage of the Whitewhite crown: the [[Narmer Palette]] of Pharaoh [[Narmer]]
File:Louvre_032008_23.jpg|Small bronze statuary usage with the Hedjethedjet, Whitewhite crown
</gallery>
 
==See also==
{{Commons category|Whitewhite crown}}
{{Commons category|Redred crown}}
{{Commons category|Pschentpschent}}
{{Commons category|Crownscrowns of Egyptian deities}}
 
* [[Atef]] - Hedjethedjet Crowncrown with feathers identified with [[Osiris]]
* [[Khepresh]] - Blueblue or Warwar Crowncrown also called Royalroyal Crowncrown
* [[Uraeus]] - Rearingrearing Cobracobra
*[[N-red crown (n hieroglyph)]]
*[[N-water ripple (n hieroglyph)]]
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