Texas blues: Difference between revisions

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Texas blues began to appear in the early 1900s among African Americans who worked in oilfields, ranches and lumber camps. In the 1920s, [[Blind Lemon Jefferson]] innovated the style by using jazz-like improvisation and single string accompaniment on a guitar; Jefferson's influence defined the field and inspired later performers. During the [[Great Depression]] in the 1930s, many bluesmen moved to cities including [[Galveston]], [[Houston]] and [[Dallas]]. It was from these urban centers that a new wave of popular performers appeared, including slide guitarist and gospel singer [[Blind Willie Johnson]]. Future bluesmen, such as, [[Lightnin' Hopkins]], [[Lil' Son Jackson]], and [[T-Bone Walker]] were influenced by these developments.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/>
[[T-Bone Walker]] relocated to [[Los Angeles]] to record his most influential work in the 1940s.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> His swing-influenced backing and lead guitar sound became an influential part of the [[electric blues]].<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> It was T-Bone Walker, B.B. King once said, who “really started me to want to play the blues. I can still hear T-Bone in my mind today, from that first record I heard, ‘Stormy Monday.’ He was the first electric guitar player I heard on record. He made me so that I knew I just had to go out and get an electric guitar.” He also influenced [[Goree Carter]], whose "[[:File:Goree Carter - Rock Awhile.ogg|Rock Awhile]]" (1949) featured an [[Distortion (music)|over-driven]] [[electric guitar]] style and has been cited as a strong contender for the "[[first rock and roll record]]" title.<ref name="palmer19">[[Robert Palmer (writer)|Robert Palmer]], ''Church of the Sonic Guitar'', pp. 13–38 in Anthony DeCurtis, ''Present Tense'', [[Duke University Press]], 1992, p. 19. {{ISBN |0-8223-1265-4}}.</ref>
The state's R&B recording industry was based in [[Houston]] with labels such as [[Peacock Records|Duke/Peacock]], which in the 1950s provided a base for artists who would later pursue the electric Texas blues sound, including [[Johnny Copeland]] and [[Albert Collins]].<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> [[Freddie King]], a major influence on electric blues, was born in Texas, but moved to Chicago as a teenager.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> His instrumental number "[[Hide Away]]" (1961), was emulated by [[British blues]] artists including Eric Clapton.<ref>M. Roberty and C. Charlesworth, ''The complete guide to the music of Eric Clapton'' (Omnibus Press, 1995), p. 11.</ref>