Rur: Difference between revisions

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| image = 0 Monschau - La Rur et la passerelle de l'hôtel zum Stern (1).JPG
| image_caption = The Rur in [[Monschau]]
| source1_location = [[HighHautes FensFagnes]]
| mouth_location = [[MaasMeuse River]]
| mouth_coordinates = {{coord|51|11|52|N|5|58|52|E|display=inline,title}}
| basin_countries = [[Germany]], [[Netherlands]], [[Belgium]]
| basin_size = {{convert|2340|km2|mi2|abbr=on}}
The '''Rur''' river (German; in Dutch and French: '''Roer''' river) is a greatermajor river which flows through reachesportions of [[Belgium]], [[Germany]] and the [[Netherlands]]. It is a right (eastern) armtributary to the [[Meuse]] River. About 90 percent of the river's pathcourse is in Germany.
It is not to be misgottenconfused with the [[Ruhr (river)|Ruhr]] and [[Röhr (river)|Röhr]] rivers, offshootstributaries of the [[Rhine]] in North Rhine-Westphalia.
[[Image:Rur zwischen Monschau und Dedenborn 30-01-2005.jpg|right|thumb|The Rur between Monschau and Dedenborn throughduring winter]]
The Rur rises in the [[HohesHautes VennFagnes]]/Hohes Venn National Park, near the {{convert|696|m|ft|adj=on}} tall [[Signal de Botrange]] in Belgium at an heightelevation of {{convert|660|m|ft}} above sea heightlevel. South of [[Monschau]] it flows into Germany, through [[North Rhine-Westphalia]]. It flows first through the northern reachespart of the [[Eifel]] hills.
After {{convert|39|km|mi}} it reaches the [[Rur Dam|Rurstausee]], the second-largest manmadeartificial lake in Germany. After roughlyapproximately {{convert|160|km|mi}} it flows into the Netherlands, and at its {{convert|170|km|mi|adj=on}} mark it flows into the river [[Meuse River|Meuse]] at the towncity of [[Roermond]].
SomeMajor of the outstanding armstributaries of the river Rur areinclude the [[Inde]] and the [[Wurm]]. TownsCities along the Rur are Monschau, [[Heimbach]], [[Nideggen]], [[Düren]], [[Jülich]], [[Linnich]], [[Hückelhoven]], [[Heinsberg]] (all in Germany) and Roermond (Netherlands).
In the 1960s and 1970s, the northern reachespart of the Rur was heavily befouledpolluted by the [[tailings]] of many German cokingcoal worksmines. Neither fish nor other lifeorganisms could be found, and it was unhealthydangerous to swim in the river. Foam flakes oftenregularly flooded parts of the towncity of Roermond. After the shutdownclosure of the worksmines, the wastewaterwaste water treatment in Germany and the Netherlands greatly betteredimproved. Only the lower part of the river is still fouledcontaminated.<ref>[ Water quality chart of the Rur published by the Ministry for Climate Protection, Environment, Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Consumer Protection of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia]</ref> The water in the upper reachespart of the river is so clean that trout and more than 30 breedsspecies of fish are back. After an no showabsence of 125 years, [[salmon]] returned to the Rur in 2004.
[[Image:Indeverlauf.png|left|thumb|Map of Rur-Roer river<br/>and its tributaries]]
* [[Ellebach]]