Rur: Difference between revisions

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| image = 0 Monschau - La Rur et la passerelle de l'hôtel zum Stern (1).JPG
| image_caption = The Rur in [[Monschau]]
| source1_location = [[HautesHigh FagnesFens]]
| mouth_location = [[MeuseMaas River]]
| mouth_coordinates = {{coord|51|11|52|N|5|58|52|E|display=inline,title}}
| basin_countries = [[Germany]], [[Netherlands]], [[Belgium]]
| basin_size = {{convert|2340|km2|mi2|abbr=on}}
}}
The '''Rur''' river (German; in Dutch and French: '''Roer''' river) is a majorgreater river which flows through portionsreaches of [[Belgium]], [[Germany]] and the [[Netherlands]]. It is a right (eastern) tributaryarm to the [[Meuse]] River. About 90 percent of the river's coursepath is in Germany.
 
It is not to be confusedmisgotten with the [[Ruhr (river)|Ruhr]] and [[Röhr (river)|Röhr]] rivers, tributariesoffshoots of the [[Rhine]] in North Rhine-Westphalia.
 
==Geography==
[[Image:Rur zwischen Monschau und Dedenborn 30-01-2005.jpg|right|thumb|The Rur between Monschau and Dedenborn duringthrough winter]]
The Rur rises in the [[HautesHohes FagnesVenn]]/Hohes Venn National Park, near the {{convert|696|m|ft|adj=on}} tall [[Signal de Botrange]] in Belgium at an elevationheight of {{convert|660|m|ft}} above sea levelheight. South of [[Monschau]] it flows into Germany, through [[North Rhine-Westphalia]]. It flows first through the northern partreaches of the [[Eifel]] hills.
 
After {{convert|39|km|mi}} it reaches the [[Rur Dam|Rurstausee]], the second-largest artificialmanmade lake in Germany. After approximatelyroughly {{convert|160|km|mi}} it flows into the Netherlands, and at its {{convert|170|km|mi|adj=on}} mark it flows into the river [[Meuse River|Meuse]] at the citytown of [[Roermond]].
 
MajorSome tributariesof the outstanding arms of the river Rur includeare the [[Inde]] and the [[Wurm]]. CitiesTowns along the Rur are Monschau, [[Heimbach]], [[Nideggen]], [[Düren]], [[Jülich]], [[Linnich]], [[Hückelhoven]], [[Heinsberg]] (all in Germany) and Roermond (Netherlands).
 
In the 1960s and 1970s, the northern partreaches of the Rur was heavily pollutedbefouled by the [[tailings]] of many German coalcoking minesworks. Neither fish nor other organismslife could be found, and it was dangerousunhealthy to swim in the river. Foam flakes regularlyoften flooded parts of the citytown of Roermond. After the closureshutdown of the minesworks, the waste waterwastewater treatment in Germany and the Netherlands greatly improvedbettered. Only the lower part of the river is still contaminatedfouled.<ref>[http://www.maas.nrw.de/maas_sued/daten/abb/abb2_1_3_2_2.pdf Water quality chart of the Rur published by the Ministry for Climate Protection, Environment, Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Consumer Protection of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia]</ref> The water in the upper partreaches of the river is so clean that trout and more than 30 speciesbreeds of fish are back. After an absenceno show of 125 years, [[salmon]] returned to the Rur in 2004.
 
===Tributariesoffbrooks===
[[Image:Indeverlauf.png|left|thumb|Map of Rur-Roer river<br/>and its tributaries]]
* [[Ellebach]]
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