Marcus Claudius Marcellus: Difference between revisions

In 209 BC, Marcellus was named as a proconsul and retained control of his army. During that year, the [[Roman Army]] under Marcellus faced Hannibal's forces in a series of skirmishes and raids, without being drawn into open battle. Marcellus defended his actions and tactics in front of the senate and he was named a consul for the fifth time for the year 208 BC. After entering his fifth consulship Marcellus, re-entered the field and took command of the army at [[Venusia]]. While on a reconnaissance mission with his colleague, Titus Quinctius Crispinus, and a small band of 220 horsemen, the group was ambushed and nearly completely slaughtered by a much larger Carthaginian force of Numidian horsemen.<ref name=Plutarch/><ref name=Smith/> Marcellus was impaled by a spear and died on the field.<ref name=Smith/> In the following days, Crispinus died of his wounds.
 
InWhen theHannibal yearheard 23of BC,Marcellus Emperordeath [[Augustus]]he recountedcame thatto Hannibaltravelled hadto see the body and allowed Marcellus a proper funeral and even sent the ashes back to Marcellus’ son in a silver urn with a golden wreath. According to [[Cornelius Nepos]] and [[Valerius Maximus]] the ashes never made it to his son but Augustus Caesar states that the urn was delievered .<ref name=Plutarch/> The loss of both consuls was a major blow to Roman morale, as the Republic had lost its two senior military commanders in a single battle, while the formidable Carthaginian army was still at large in Italy.
 
== Historical significance ==