Planning permission: Difference between revisions

Merged content from Construction permit
(Merged content from Construction permit)
{{For|planning permission laws in the UK|Planning permission in the United Kingdom}}
{{incomplete|date=February 2017}}
'''Planning permission''' refers to the approval needed tofor buildconstruction or expandexpansion (including significant [[renovation]]) in some jurisdictions. It is usually given in the form of a '''building permit''' (or '''construction permit'''). Generally, the new construction must be [[Building inspection|inspected]] during construction and after completion to ensure compliance with national, regional, and local [[building code]]s. Failure to obtain a permit can result in [[Fine (penalty)|fines]], [[Sanctions (law)|penalties]], and [[demolition]] of unauthorized construction if it cannot be made to meet code. House building permits, for example, are subject to [[List of housing statutes|local housing statutes]]. ItThe criteria for planning permission is a part of [[urban planning]] and [[construction law]] and usually managed by [[local government]] employed [[town planner]]s.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Portal|first1=Planning|title=Do you need permission? {{!}} Planning Portal|url=||accessdate=18 February 2017|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last1=Planning|first1=Department of Environment, Land, Water and|title=Planning applications|url=||accessdate=18 February 2017|language=en}}</ref> Since building permits usually precede outlays for construction, employment, financing and furnishings, they are often a [[Leading indicators|leading indicator]] for developments in other areas of the economy.
==In specific industries==
As part of [[broadcast law]], the term is also used in [[broadcasting]], where individual [[radio station|radio]] and [[television station]]s typically must apply for and receive permission to construct [[Radio masts and towers|radio tower]]s and [[radio antenna]]s. This type of permit is issued by a national broadcasting authority, but does ''not'' imply [[zoning]] any other permission that must be given by [[local government]]. The permit itself also does not necessarily imply permission to operate the station once constructed. This is provided by a separate [[broadcasting licence]], also called a "license to cover" by the [[Federal Communications Commission]] (FCC) in the United States. Further permission or registration for [[tower]]s may be needed from [[aviation]] authorities.
In the U.S., construction permits for commercial stations are now assigned by auction, rather than the former process of determining who would serve the [[community of license]] best. If the given [[frequency allocation]] is sought by at least one [[non-commercial educational]] (NCE) applicant, or is on an NCE-reserved TV channel or in the [[FM broadcasting|FM]] reserved band, the comparative process still takes place, though the FCC refuses to consider which [[radio format]] the applicants propose.
In Canada, the [[Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission]] maintains a comparative process in issuing permits, ensuring that a variety of programming is available in each area, and that as many groups as possible have access to [[free speech]] over [[radio waves]].