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'''Hermann Bonitz''' (29 July 1814 – 25 July 1888), German scholar, was born at [[Langensalza]] in [[Prussian Saxony]].
Having studied at the [[University of Leipzig]] under [[Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann|G. Hermann]] and at [[University of Berlin|Berlin]] under [[Philipp August Böckh|Böckh]] and [[Karl Konrad Friedrich Wilhelm Lachmann|Lachmann]], he became successively teacher at the [[Blochmann-Institut]] in [[Dresden]] (1836), ''Oberlehrer'' at the [[Friedrich-Wilhelm-Gymnasium]] (1838) and the [[Graues Kloster]] (1840) in Berlin, professor at the gymnasium at [[Szczecin|Stettin (Szczecin)]] (1842), professor at the [[University of Vienna]] (1849), member of the [[Imperial Academy]] (1854), member of the council of education (1864), and director of the [[Evangelisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster|Graues-Kloster-Gymnasium]] (1867). He retired in 1888, and died in that year at Berlin.
He took great interest in higher education, and was chiefly responsible for the system of teaching and examination in use in the high schools of [[Prussia]] after 1882. But it is as a commentator on [[Plato]] and [[Aristotle]] that he is best known outside Germany. His most important works in this connection are:
*''Disputationes Platonicae Duae'' (1837); ''Platonische Studien'' (3rd ed.edition, 1886).
*''Observationes Criticae in Aristotelis Libros Metaphysicos'' (1842).
*''Observationes Criticae in Aristotelis quae feruntur Magna Moralia et Ethica Eudemia'' (1844).
*''Alexandri Aphrodisiensis Commentarius in Libros Metaphysicos Aristotelis'' (1847).
*''Aristotelis Metaphysica'' (1848–1849).
*''Über die Kategorien des A.'' (1853).
*''Aristotelische Studien'' (1862–1867).
*''Index Aristotelicus'' (1870).
Other works:
*''Über den Ursprung der homerischen Gedichte'' (5th ed.edition, 188,1881).
*''Beiträge zur Erklärung des Thukydides'' (1854), ''des Sophokles'' (1856-18571856–57).
He also wrote largely on classical and educational subjects, mainly for the ''[[Zeitschrift für die österreichischen Gymnasien]]''.