Acta Eruditorum: Difference between revisions
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''Acta Eruditorum'' was founded in 1682 in [[Leipzig]] by [[Otto Mencke]], who became its first editor, and [[Gottfried Leibniz]].<ref name="aeinfo"/><ref>'''[http://runeberg.org/nfbp/0055.html Leibniz]''', article in ''[[Nordisk Familjebok]]'', 2nd ed. (in Swedish)</ref> It was published by [[Johann Friedrich Gleditsch]], and patterned after the French ''[[Journal des savants]]'' and Italian ''Giornale de'letterati''. ''Acta Eruditorum'' was a monthly publication edited in Latin language and contained excerpts from new writings, reviews, small essays and notes. Most of them were devoted to the [[natural sciences]] and mathematics. Since its inception many eminent scientists published there – apart from Leibniz, e.g., [[Jakob Bernoulli]], [[Humphry Ditton]], [[Leonhard Euler]], [[Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus]], [[Pierre-Simon Laplace]] and [[Jérôme Lalande]] but also humanists and philosophers as [[Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff]], [[Stephan Bergler]], [[Christian Thomasius]] and [[Christian Wolff (philosopher)|Christian Wolff]].
Although Mencke once exchanged letters and publications with [[Isaac Newton]], Newton was not a correspondent of ''Acta''.<ref>H. Laeven, ''The "Acta Eruditorum" under the Editorship of Otto Mencke. The History of an International Learned Journal between 1682 and 1707'', trans. L. Richards, Amsterdam: APA-Holland University Press, 1990, p. 158, 202. The dispute between Newton and Leibniz about the discovery of differential calculus started with a contribution by Leibniz to the May 1697 issue of ''Acta Eruditorum'', in response to which [[Nicolas Fatio de Duillier|Fatio de Duillier]], feeling slighted by being omitted from Leibniz's list of the best mathematicians of Europe, announced that Newton had discovered calculus before Leibniz and the last had probably even relied on Newton's achievements. In the following acrimonious squabble, ''Acta'' by and large acted as a mouthpiece for Leibniz's camp, much as ''[[Transactions of the Royal Society]]'' did for Newton's. Mencke tried to tone down the dispute, but rebuttals from both sides were too forceful. "Where Mencke was powerless to call the tune, he did his utmost at least to set the tone," says H. Laeven in his description of the row.<ref>H. Laeven, ''The Acta Eruditorum under the Editorship of Otto Mencke. The History of an International Learned Journal between 1682 and 1707'', trans. L. Richards, Amsterdam: APA-Holland University Press, 1990, p. 177-178.</ref> This dispute also influenced ''Acta'' to express the feelings of national cohesion and defining German scholarship within the international field of influence.</ref> <ref>H. Laeven, ''The "Acta Eruditorum" under the Editorship of Otto Mencke. The History of an International Learned Journal between 1682 and 1707'', trans. L. Richards, Amsterdam: APA-Holland University Press, 1990, p. 215</ref>
After [[Otto Mencke]]'s death ''Acta Eruditorum'' were directed by his son, Johann Burckhardt Mencke, who died in 1732. The journal changed its name by then and was called ''Nova Acta Eruditorum''. Since 1754 it was led by [[Karl Andreas Bel]].