Texas blues: Difference between revisions

691 bytes removed ,  3 years ago
Undid revision 745593880 by 45.58.237.115 (talk) artist apparently not notable (no WP or AllMusic articles), cu, rm some OR
(Undid revision 745593880 by 45.58.237.115 (talk) artist apparently not notable (no WP or AllMusic articles), cu, rm some OR)
|color=white
|bgcolor=#0000E1
|stylistic_origins= {{hlist|[[Blues]]|[[British blues]]|[[country blues]]|[[Swing music|swing]]|[[jazz]]|[[rockabilly]]}}
|cultural_origins=Circa 1920s, major revival in 1980s, [[Texas]], [[United States]]
|instruments={{hlist|[[Electric guitar]]|[[bass guitar]]|[[Drum kit|drums]]|[[Keyboard instrument|keyboards]]}}
|popularity=Peaked in the 1980s
|derivatives={{hlist|[[Electric blues]]|[[rock and roll]]}}
|subgenres=
}}
'''Texas blues''' is a subgenrestyle of [[blues]] music. It has had various style variations but typicallyusually has beenmore played[[jazz]]- with moreor [[swing music|swing]]-influences than other blues styles.
 
Texas blues differs from styles such as [[Chicago blues]] in its use of instruments and sounds, especially the heavy use of the guitar. Musicians such as [[Stevie Ray Vaughan]] contributed by using various types of guitar sounds such as southern slide guitar and different melodies of blues and jazz. Texas blues also relies on guitar solos or "licks" as bridges in songs.
 
==History==
[[File:Svaughan.jpg|thumb|200px|right|[[Stevie Ray Vaughan]] was the most prominent figure in Texas [[electric blues]] in the late 20th century]]
Texas Bluesblues began to appear in the early 1900s among African Americans who worked in oilfields, ranches and lumber camps. In the 1920s, [[Blind Lemon Jefferson]] innovated the style by using jazz-like improvisation and single string accompaniment on a guitar; Jefferson's influence defined the field and inspired later performers. During the [[Great Depression]] in the 1930s, many bluesmen moved to cities including [[Galveston]], [[Houston]] and [[Dallas]]. It was from these urban centers that a new wave of popular performers appeared, including slide guitarist and gospel singer [[Blind Willie Johnson]] and legendary vocalist [[Big Mama Thornton]]. These artists influenced futureFuture bluesmen, such as, [[Lightnin' Hopkins]], [[Lil' Son Jackson]], and [[T-Bone Walker]] were influenced by these developments.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/>
 
[[T-Bone Walker]] relocated to [[Los Angeles]] to record his most influential work in the 1940s.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> His R&Bswing-influenced backing and saxophone-imitating lead guitar sound would becomebecame an influential part of the [[electric blues]] sound that would be perfected in Chicago by artists such as [[Muddy Waters]].<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> It was T-Bone Walker, B.B. King once said, who “really started me to want to play the blues. I can still hear T-Bone in my mind today, from that first record I heard, ‘Stormy Monday.’ He was the first electric guitar player I heard on record. He made me so that I knew I just had to go out and get an electric guitar.” He also influenced [[Goree Carter]], whose "[[:File:Goree Carter - Rock Awhile.ogg|Rock Awhile]]" (1949) featured an [[Distortion (music)|over-driven]] [[electric guitar]] style and has been cited as a strong contender for the "[[first rock and roll record]]" title.<ref name="palmer19">[[Robert Palmer (writer)|Robert Palmer]], ''Church of the Sonic Guitar'', pp. 13–38 in Anthony DeCurtis, ''Present Tense'', [[Duke University Press]], 1992, p. 19. ISBN 0-8223-1265-4.</ref>
 
The state's R&B recording industry was based in [[Houston]] with labels such as [[Peacock Records|Duke/Peacock]], which in the 1950s provided a base for artists who would later pursue the electric Texas blues sound, including [[Johnny Copeland]] and [[Albert Collins]].<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> [[Freddie King]], a major influence on electric blues, was born in Texas, but moved to Chicago as a teenager.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> His instrumental number "[[Hide Away]]" (1961), was emulated by [[British Bluesblues]] artists including Eric Clapton.<ref>M. Roberty and C. Charlesworth, ''The complete guide to the music of Eric Clapton'' (Omnibus Press, 1995), p. 11.</ref>
 
In the late 1960s and early 1970s the Texas electric blues scene began to flourish, influenced by [[country music]] and [[blues- rock]], particularly in the clubs of [[Austin, Texas|Austin]]. The diverse style often featured instruments such as keyboards and horns, but placed particularwith emphasis on powerful lead guitar breakssoloing.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5>V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, ''All music guide to the blues: the definitive guide to the blues'' (Backbeat Books, 3rd edn., 2003), pp. 694–5.</ref> The most prominent artists to emerge in this era were the brothers [[Johnny Winter|Johnny]] and [[Edgar Winter]], who combined traditional and southern styles.<ref name=Allmusicblues694-5/> In the 1970s, [[Jimmie Vaughan]] formed [[The Fabulous Thunderbirds]] and in the 1980s his brother [[Stevie Ray Vaughan]] broke through to mainstream success with his virtuoso guitar playing, as did [[ZZ Top]] with their brand of Southern rock.<ref>E. M. Komara, ''Encyclopedia of the blues'' (Routledge, 2006), p. 50.</ref>
 
==NotableNoteworthy performers==
{{Listen
| filename = Goree Carter - Rock Awhile.ogg
* [[Lead Belly]]
* [[Mance Lipscomb]]
* James King & The Jackhammers
* [[Lonnie Mack]]
* [[Delbert McClinton]]