James Ford Rhodes: Difference between revisions
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In papers written in 1954 and 1960, historians Russell, Sheehan and Syrett described him as a [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]] historian noted for criticizing his own party in his work.<ref>James Russell, "Lincoln’s Successor: President Andrew Johnson," in ''History Today 4'' (1954), No. 9, p. 626</ref><ref>Donald Sheehan/Harold C. Syrett, ''Essays in American Historiography'', Papers presented in Honor of Allan Nevins. New York: 1960, p. 38</ref> Howe described Rhodes as a Democrat in his 1929 biography of Rhodes.<ref>[[Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe (writer)|Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe]], ''James Ford Rhodes, American Historian'' (1929), pp. 21 and 24</ref>
In several books and articles, [[John R. Lynch]]
<blockquote>"the reader of Mr. Rhodes' history cannot fail to see that he believed it was a grave mistake to have given the colored men at the South the right to vote, and in order to make the alleged historical facts harmonize with his own views upon this point, he took particular pains to magnify the virtues and minimize the faults of the [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democrats]] and to magnify the faults and minimize the virtues of the [[Republican Party (United States)|Republicans]], the colored men especially."<ref name="lynch353">Lynch (1917), "Errors", p.353</ref></blockquote>
In book VI, pp. 35–40, Rhodes said of [[Thaddeus Stevens]], a federal lawmaker and fierce opponent of [[slavery]] and [[discrimination]] against [[African-American]]s, that "[[Reconstruction Acts]], ostensibly in the interest of freedom, were an attack on civilization...[and] did not show wise constructive statesmanship in forcing unqualified Negro Suffrage on the South"
<blockquote>"But for the adoption of the Congressional plan of Reconstruction and the subsequent legislation of the nation along the same line, the [[abolitionism|abolition]] of slavery through the ratification of the [[13th Amendment to the United States Constitution|13th Amendment]] would have been in name only, a legal and constitutional myth."<ref name="lynch362-363">Lynch (1917), "Error", pp. 362-363</ref></blockquote>
Lynch noted that Rhodes concluded that Reconstruction had failed. He disagreed
Rhodes joined the [[American Historical Association]] and was elected [[American Historical Association#Past presidents|its president]] in 1899 for a one-year term.