Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Station: Difference between revisions

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|ps_units_decommissioned = 1 × 108&nbsp;[[Megawatt|MW]]<br>1 × 160&nbsp;[[Megawatt|MW]]
|ps_units_uc = 1 × 880&nbsp;[[Megawatt|MW]]
|ps_annual_generation = 38453,845&nbsp;[[Kilowatt hour#Watt hour multiples and billing units|GW·hGWh]]
|status = O
|website =
Both were [[supercritical water reactor]]s; the first unit used 67 tons of Uranium enriched to 1.8%, while the second unit used 50 tons of Uranium enriched to 3.0%. The first unit had an indirect steam cycle, while the second had a direct one.<ref name="Kingery2011b">{{cite book|editors=Steven B Krivit; Jay H Lehr; Thomas B Kingery|title=Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia: Science, Technology, and Applications|year=2011|publisher=Wiley|isbn=978-1-118-04347-9|pages=318–319}}</ref>
 
Although they were comparable in power to the [[Shippingport Atomic Power Station]], the Soviet planners regarded the Beloyarsk reactors as prototypes.<ref name="Josephson2005"/> Their main novelty was the use of superheated steam ran through a standard turbine thus resulting in a better efficiency compared to the earlier [[Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant]] pilot plant. The first Beloyarsk unit produced about 285 &nbsp;MW heat of which about 100 &nbsp;MW were converted to electricity.<ref name="Josephson2005">{{cite book|author=Paul R. Josephson|title=Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today|year=2005|publisher=University of Pittsburgh Pre|isbn=978-0-8229-7847-3|page=28}}</ref> The second unit, which used two turbines, had a similar conversion efficiency of about 36%.<ref name="Kingery2011b"/>
 
== Later reactors ==
[[File:BN-600 nuclear reactor.jpg|thumb|Cutaway model of the [[BN-600]] reactor]]
Two reactors are now in operation: a [[BN-600 reactor|BN-600]] [[fast breeder reactor]], generating 600 &nbsp;[[Watt (unit)|MWe]] and a [[BN-800 reactor|BN-800]] [[fast breeder reactor]], generating 880 &nbsp;[[Watt (unit)|MWe]]. The BN-800 is the largest [[fast neutron reactor|fast neutron power reactor]] in service in the world. Three turbines are connected to the BN-600 reactor. The BN-600 reactor core is {{convert|1.03|m|in}} tall and has a diameter of {{convert|2.05|m|in}}. It has 369 [[Nuclear fuel|fuel]] assemblies, each consisting of 127 fuel rods with an enrichment of 17–26% [[Uranium-235|U<sup>235</sup>]]. In comparison, typical enrichment in other Russian reactors is in the range of 3–4% U<sup>235</sup>. BN-600 reactors use liquid [[sodium]] as a coolant. As with most Russian nuclear power plants, the station lacks a [[containment building]].
 
[[File:BN-800 construction.jpg|thumb|Construction of the BN-800 reactor]]
| date = 27 June 2014
| accessdate = 27 June 2014
}}</ref> However issues detected during low power operation required further fuel development work. On 31 July 2015, the unit again achieved minimum controlled power again, at 0.13% of rated power. Commercial operations are expected to start before the end of 2016, now with a power rating of 789 &nbsp;MWe.<ref name=nei-20160114>{{cite news |url=http://www.neimagazine.com/features/featurefast-reactor-progress-at-beloyarsk-4784803/ |title=Fast reactor progress at Beloyarsk |publisher=Nuclear Engineering International |date=14 January 2016 |accessdate=19 January 2016}}</ref> In December 2015, Unit 4 was connected to the national grid.<ref>{{cite web
| title = Rosenergoatom already learning from BN-800
| url = http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Rosenergoatom-already-learning-from-BN-800-10121401.html
| [[AMB-100]]
| 108
| 1958/-06/-01
| 1964/-04/-26
| 1983/-01/-01
|-
| 2
| [[AMB-200]]
| 160
| 1962/-01/-01
| 1967/-12/-29
| 1990/-01/-01
|-
| 3
| [[BN-600 reactor|BN-600]]
| 600
| 1969/-01/-01
| 1980/-04/-08
|
|-
| 864
| 1987
| 2014/-06/-27
|
|-
| 5
| [[BN-1200 reactor|BN-1200]]
| 12201,220
| 2025<ref>[http://neutronbytes.com/2015/09/27/russia-has-ambitious-plans-for-mox-fuel-and-its-bn-1200-fast-reactor/ Russia has ambitious plans for MOX fuel and its BN-1200 fast reactor]</ref>
| 2030 est.
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