Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Station: Difference between revisions

BN-800 commercial operations expected this year, ce
(BN-800 commercial operations expected this year, ce)
Construction started on the larger BN-800 fast breeder reactor in 1987. Protests halted progress in 1988, but work resumed in 1992 following an order by President [[Boris Yeltsin]]. Financial difficulties resulted in slow progress. Construction costs have been estimated at 1 trillion [[Russian ruble|rubles]] and the new reactor was expected to be finished in 2012–2015 given current scarce financing. The BN-600 was originally planned to be decommissioned in 2010 but its lifetime was expected to be extended to cover the gap; it has been operating since 1980.
 
On 27 June 2014, controlled nuclear fission started in the BN-800 fast breeder reactor. The newest reactor helps to close the nuclear fuel cycle and to achieve a fuel cycle without or with less nuclear waste. Russia iswas, at the date, the only country that operates fast neutron reactors for energy production. The BN-800 was put in the so-called critical state a week after all necessary nuclear fuel was loaded into the active zone. The reactor was gradually prepared to achieve the 864 megawatts output, a power level expected to be reached in October. In June 2014, the start of commercial operation of the new reactor was reportedly planned for early 2015,<ref>{{cite web
| title = Fast reactor starts clean nuclear energy era in Russia
| url = http://rt.com/news/168768-russian-fast-breeder-reactor/
| date = 27 June 2014
| accessdate = 27 June 2014
}}</ref> However issues detected during low power operation required further fuel development work. On 31 July 2015, the unit again achieved minimum controlled power again, at 0.13% of rated power. Commercial operations are expected to start before the end of 2016, now with a power rating of 789 MWe.<ref name=nei-20160114>{{cite news |url=http://www.neimagazine.com/features/featurefast-reactor-progress-at-beloyarsk-4784803/ |title=Fast reactor progress at Beloyarsk |publisher=Nuclear Engineering International |date=14 January 2016 |accessdate=19 January 2016}}</ref> In December 2015, Unit 4 was connected to the national grid.<ref>{{cite web
}}</ref> later (December 2014) reported to be planned at the end of 2015. In December 2015, Unit 4 has been connected to the national grid, providing power to the Urals region at 9.21pm local time.<ref>{{cite web
| title = Rosenergoatom already learning from BN-800
| url = http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Rosenergoatom-already-learning-from-BN-800-10121401.html
 
== References ==
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== Further reading ==